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FT-50R Dual Band Amateur Hand Held Transceiver MANUAL INDEX
FT-50R Dual Band Amateur Hand Held Transceiver Description SECTION-01
Key Pad Description SECTION-01-c
Display Indications SECTION-02
Specifications SECTION-03
Before You Begin SECTION-04
Getting Started SECTION-05
Knob Functions section-05.1
Basic Operation SECTION-06
Frequency Selection Modes section-06.1
MR (Memory Recall) section-06.2
Sub Display Options section-07
Tuning Steps section-08
Transmitting section-09
VFO Duplex Mode SECTION-10
Extended Reception section-11
WFM Squelch Setting section-12
Auto-Mode section-13
Reception Mode Override section-14
Repeater Operation section-15
Setting Repeater TX Offset section-16
Repeater Shift section-17
Repeater Input Track RPTL section-18
Repeater Input Monitor section-19
Memory Operation section-20
Storing and Displaying Memories section-20-A
copying a VFO into memory section-20-B
MR (Memory Recall) section-20-C
copying a memory into the VFO section-20-D
HOME Memory section-20-E
Custom TX Offset section-20-F
Memory Tuning MT section-20-G
Scanning section-21-A
Scan Resume Modes section-21-B
Memory Skip Scanning section-21-C
Scan Lamp SCNL section-21-D
Preset Tuning and Scanning section-21-E
Advanced Operation section-22
Dual Watch section-22-A
V/M Dual Watch section-22-B
M/M Dual Watch section-22-C
H/M Dual Watch section-22-D
V/V Dual Watch section-22-E
Memory Masking section-23
Naming Memories section-24
Memory-Only Mode section-25
Locking the Controls section-26
Transmit time-out Timer section-27
Tone Squelch Modes section-28
CTCSS Tone / Tone Squelch (Continuous Tone Coded Squelch System) section-28-B
CTCSS or DCS Bell Paging section-28-C
Tone/Code Scanning section-29
Busy Channel Lock-Out section-30
Introduction to DTMF Code Squelch Section -31
DTMF Paging Operation (receiving/sending page calls) section 31-a
Programming/Selecting DTMF Paging Code Memories section 31-B
Select code memories for operation section 31-c
Trigger Paging, Auto-Respond Paging section 31-D
Paging TX Delay, Playback Speed, Paging Bell section 31-E
ARTS (Auto Range Transpond System) section 32
ARTS Modes, CW (Morse Code) IDer section 32-A
ARTS Polling SPEED section32-C
Beeper section 32-D
DTMF Autodial Playback Feature section 32-E
DTMF Decoder section 33-A
Digital Voice Recorder, section 34
Microphone Recording section 34-A
Spkr. Playback section 34-B
Rx Rec section 34-C
. TX Playback section 34-D
Record Protect section 34-E
VMPS (Voice Mail Paging System) section 35
Addendum section 36
TX Batt. Saver section 37
, Beeper Disable section 38
LED Disable section 39
Lamp Illumination Modes section 40
, Battery Care section 41
Packet Radio section 42
Cloning section 43
MON switch section 44
, RV/HM key section 44-B
Description The FT-50R compact FM hand-held transceiver provides up to 5 watts of transmitter output on the 2-m and 70-cm amateur bands. The optional FTT-1 2 keypad provides tone systems and digital voice functions, while the standard version includes Digital Code Squelch (DCS) encoding and decoding, CTCSS encoding, and a wide range of battery preserving features. The compact "clamshell" design mounts the battery on the rear, for optimum simplicity and portability. A multi-function knob with concentric volume control allows setting most functions, minimizing the need for complex key sequences. The front half of the case high-impact polycarbonate plastic, while the transceiver chassis/heat sink is die-cast alloy. A choice of 4 rechargeable Ni-Cd packs or a dry cell battery case are available. Rubber gaskets protect against dust and rain or spray. The LCD (display) has selectable lighting modes, and shows all significant frequency digits and most programmable functions, plus relative signal strength and power output. Two independent VFOs and up to 100 freely tunable memories are programmable from the knob and key-pad. The duplex mode allows split VFO operation, and dual-watch monitors a sub-channel VFO or memory while operating from the main channel. USA versions include extended reception in the VHF, UHF, FM broadcast, and 800 MHz bands (cellularblocked). A separate squelch and bandwidth setting is available to enhance FM broadcast reception. Memory features include independent TX/Rx frequencies or programmable offsets, up to five pairs of subband limits for band scanning, selectable scan skip for busy channels, scan resume on carrier drop or after 5-second pause, and independent instant-re-store tuning steps, tone selections, and transmit power level. Standard channel steps from 5 to 50 kHz, plus 1 MHz steps, are available for tuning. You can assign 4-character names to memories. Also include is a DCS encoder/decoder (104 codes), and a 39-tone CTCSS (Continuous Tone-Coded Squelch System) encoder. The DCS system (and CTCSS decoder provided with the optional FTT-12 keypad) can be set to sound an alert tone when a selective call opens the squelch. Also, the FT-50R can scan a received carrier and determine it a CTCSS tone or DCS code is being used, and display that tone/code. The ARTS (Auto Range Transpond System) uses DCS signaling to poll another station to indicate when they are within or out of range, and can automatically ID with your callsign in Morse code every five minutes. In addition to the 4-step power output selection, unique features to extend battery charge life include a battery saver which optimizes save duration according to selectable receiver "sleep" periods TX Save, which automatically reduces transmit power during periods of high incoming signal strength; selectable time delay APO (Automatic Power Off), and continuous or 5-second display illumination. The keypad generates DTMF tones during transmission and up to 8 DTMF Autodialer memories can store 16 digits each for quick playback of commonly used numbers. A Special Autodialer memory is reserved for decoding and displaying DTMF digits off the-air. Also, DTMF-based selective calling and private paging capabilities let you select any of 999 three-digit ID codes for your transceiver, and then have it stay quiet until your code is received (from any standard DTMF-equipped transceiver). Upon receiving the DTMF ID code, you can have a paging beeper sound (1, 3, 5, 8 times, or repeating). In the paging mode, your display shows the DTMF ID code of the calling party. Nine 3-digit code memories store your ID plus those of eight other stations or groups you wish to monitor, and an extra code memory always stores the last 3-digit DTMF code heard. With the optional FTT-12 keypad installed, the transceiver also provides 20 seconds of voice recording from the microphone or receiver, for playback through the speaker or the transmitter. Voice recording can be activated manually or by an incoming signal. VMPS (Voice Mail Paging System) combines the capabilities of both digital recording and DTMF paging to provide automated response to stations calling you while you are away. The FT-50R allows calling stations to leave a voice message, then answers with your stations CW ID, followed by a pre-stored voice message (that you record). Please read this manual carefully familiarize yourself with the transceiver's features.

FT-50R Dual Band Amateur Hand Held Transceiver Description SECTION-01
Key Pad Description SECTION-01-c
The outer ring adjusts receiver volume, and the inner knob tunes, selects memories and other menu functions and settings. (2) This LED glows red when transmitting, and green when the noise squelch is open (channel busy) during reception. (3) BEHIND AND TO THE RIGHT IS THE ANTENNA JACK. THIS SMALL jack accepts the supplied flexible antenna, or another antenna designed to provide 50-ohms impedance on the 2-meters and 70-center meters band.
Key Pad Description SECTION-01-c
Key Pad Description FTT-12 (left to right)
first row top left corner is key #1 / page,
#2 / code,
#3 / DTMF,
Second row (left to right) is
#4 / save,
#5 / APO,
#6 / RPT,
Third row (left to right)
#7 / STEP,
#8 / TX save,
#9 / BEEP,
Fourth Row (last row, Bottom row) (left to right)
The FTT-11 standard key pad does not have these functions:
page on key #1 code on key #2 record on THE "B" KEY play on THE "C" KEYLEFT SIDE PANEL SECTION-01-d
The PTT button activates the transmitter. Hold this button while speaking across the front of the radio to transmit.
2: THE NEXT BUTTON DOWN WILL override the squelch, either to HELP set the volume, or to defeat tone squelch temporarily so you can hear weak or all signals.
3: The NEXT BUTTON DOWN Lamp button illuminates the display when operating in the dark.
4: BELOW THE 3 BUTTONS IS A 4-mm coaxial jack THAT WILL accept 5 to 13 Volts Direct Current at Amps, the E-DC-5B cable, to power the transceiver from an external supply. We recommend using this jack only with the optional cable.
HALF WAY DOWN THE RIGHT SIDE PANEL IS A 3.5-millimeter mini phone jack.
This 4-conductor JACK, provides 8ohms audio output and accepts microphone input (2-k ohms) for using an optional earphone, speaker microphone or packet tnc. The internal loudspeaker and microphone are disabled when this jack is used.
INSTALL THE latch-on belt clip.
Note: the protective rubber covers over the EXT. DC and MIC/EAR jacks must be pressed over them when not in use, to protect the inside of the transceiver PAGE

Display Indications SECTION-02
1: Repeater Shift + or -,
2: Memory Tune,
3: HOME Channel VFO A/B
4: CTCSS Encode
5: CTCSS Decode
6:Digital Coded Squelch
7:Keypad Lock
8:Dial lock
9:PTT Lock
Center left to right
1:Alt. Key Functions Active
2:Main channel Frequency display
3:sub band display
Bottom left to right
1:Receive signal strength
2:dual watch
3:memory scan
6:paging trigger
7:paging DTMF code
8:squelch low
9:transmit power
10:battery saver
16:weak battery voltage
17:auto power off
18:squelch open
Specifications SECTION-03
General Frequency range (MHz): (transmit)
144 -148,430 -450 200, 300 - 400 76 400 -540,590 -999 (cellular blocked on 800)
Channel steps IN MHz: 5, 10, 12.5, 15, 20, 25, & 50 kHz Emission type F2, F3 Supply voltage: 4 - 16 V DC Antenna (SMA jack):YHA-58 rubber helical PAGE

Before You Begin SECTION-04
A few notes on Safety
When properly cared for, the FT-50R should provide many years of operating pleasure. However, please read the following items concerning its use:
Battery Charging
Rechargeable batteries contain encapsulated Ni-Cd (Nickel Cadmium) or NiMH (Nickel Metal Hydride) cells. When used properly, they present no operator hazard; however, please note the following points:
* Do not dispose of NiCd cells in the public waste system, as this may present a possible soil contamination hazard. Check with your local waste management bureau for recycling programs available in your area. Nickel-Cadmium Rechargeable Battery - do not dispose of into waste system. Recycle batteries in accordance with local regulations.
* Never discard any batteries into a fire! Never allow the charging terminals on the battery to short - the cells can be damaged and the heat generated can burn the skin!
* Do not recharge the battery pack with unapproved chargers. Modern battery chargers use special circuitry to provide the optimum charge rate and place the battery in a trickle charge state when complete. The use of other chargers could possibly damage your battery pack, and your radio.
*Never allow the battery charging terminals to short! While the recessed charging terminal on the battery pack offers a degree of safety from inadvertent shorting, never insert any metallic objects into or across the terminals, When separating the battery from the transceiver, never lay it down onto a metallic surface. The heat generated from a shorted pack can destroy the cells and possibly burn the hand holding it.
Exposure to Water
While the FT-50R utilizes a water-resistant "clamshell" design with rubber o-rings to seal out moisture, common dense must prevail...should the radio become exposed to water, use a soft cloth to wipe off any excess drops. If for any reason the radio is submersed, do not turn it on...remove the battery pack, wipe off the excess water from both the radio and battery, and allow them to dry at room temperature (no forced heat) for several days before powering it on again. If the radio fails to function, turn it off immediately and contact your dealer for service information. Whenever possible, charge batteries at close to room temperature, Charging at temperatures below 77F/23C can cause electrolyte leakage and result in battery damage. Charging at high temperatures (above 95F/35C) may reduce charge capacity.
RF Radiation Hazard Statement
In 1985, the US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) adopted a safety standard for human exposure to Radio Frequency (RF) electromagnetic radiation generated by FCC-regulated equipment. The proper use and operation of this transceiver will result in exposure to the operator substantially below those limits recommended by the FCC. However, the following tips are recommended for maximum operator safety:
*Do not press the PTT (push to talk) switch unless you actually desire to transmit.
*Hold the transceiver a few inches from your mouth when transmitting, so that the antenna is not in direct contact with your face or eyes.
*When not using the transceiver, store it in a safe place, out of the reach of children.
*Do not operate any transmitting equipment near unshielded blasting caps! Do not hold the transceiver with the antenna touching exposed parts of the body while transmitting, especially the face and eyes.
Getting Started SECTION-05
First Steps Before operating the transceiver the first time: Charge the battery pack completely (if using a rechargeable pack). If using an FBA-15 dry-cell battery case, install alkaline batteries. Mount the battery pack on the back of the radio: hold it with the rounded top edge 1/3 -inch (8 mm) lower than top edge of the radio, press the four tabs on the battery into the slots on the radio, and slide the battery up until it clicks. Screw the supplied antenna onto the antenna jack. Never operate the transceiver without an antenna connected. To install the belt clip, slide it up onto the battery pack rails until it "clicks" (locks into place). To remove it, slide the release lever to the left, then press the clip down and off of the mounting rails. If you have a speaker/MIC, we suggest you not connect it until you are familiar with basic operation. Powering On To turn the transceiver on, push in the orange PWR button for 1/2 second. If the radio has not been used before, the display should appear 144.00 channel A main band 430.00 sub band. The larger frequency readout is the main channel, while the smaller one to the right is called the sub channel. The A symbol indicates which VFO (A or B) is selected for operation, and the blinking SAVE indicator lets you know that the battery saver is enabled from the factory (we will cover more on this later). When you turn on the radio the first time, you will hear channel noise, and will need to set the squelch level as explained on the following page. Knob Functions section-05.1
Let's spend a few moments on how the knob functions, as understanding its proper use will make it easier to operate the rig and configure various features as we continue through the manual. As shown in the illustration, the lower ring adjusts the volume. Set it for a comfortable level while receiving a station, or else press the middle monitor switch Rotating the knob tunes in the default step size on the VFO, or else selects programmed memories during MR (Memory Recall) operation. Pressing the knob momentarily (< 0.5s) selects the band of operation. Holding it longer recalls the menu list, from which various transceiver functions are enabled and their settings are configured. lower ring - rotate for volume level adjustment knob - rotate to tune channels, select memories or menu settings knob - press to switch bands or view default menu settings. knob - hold to recall menu function list.. Let's start by setting the receiver squelch: Hold the knob down for half second until the beep sounds, then turn the knob (if necessary) to select SQL 01. The name or abbreviation at the left is the function title, with its number displayed to the right. You can turn the knob to scroll through all 32 functions. Momentarily pressing the knob shows the default setting for the displayed function (in this case it is the squelch level, which ranges from 0 to 15): Rotate the knob a click or two past the point where channel noise is muted, then exit the menu list by simply pressing the PTT (the radio does not transmit). The display reverts to show channel data. Note - Pressing the knob with a menu active replaces the function number (at the right in the sub display) with either a number (8), letter or abbreviation (off), or a symbol (kl ). In some cases the function name (at the left) may also change, to describe the setting more clearly. Follow the instructions carefully when starting out, until you become familiar with the abbreviations and symbols used with each menu function and its associated settings.

Things to remember. The procedure just covered is used throughout the manual to access functions and change settings as desired. Once again, the three basic steps are: Hold the knob down to recall the menu list, then turn the knob to select the desired menu function (number).Press the knob to display the various function settings or state, then turn the knob to change or select it as desired. Press the PTT to save the change and exit.
The Keypad. The standard FTT-11 keypad permits quick access to the most commonly-used transceiver functions. The optional FTT-12 keypad adds digital voice recording playback, DTMF code squelch and CTCSS decode capability. (Both keypads are similar in appearance, with the FTT-12 having two additional labels on the pad surface for the digital recording system. Throughout the manual, features requiring the FTT-12 are highlighted as such.)We will use the keypad as described, left to right, starting at the left upper corner the top row ,is
key number 1 page,
key 2 # number 2 code
key 3 number 3 DTMF
key 4 in the upper most right corner we will call A LW LCK.
Second row left to right
first key # number 4 save
key # number 5 APO (automatic power off)
key # number 6 RPT (repeater)
key 7 we will call key B TN TS third row from the top left to right
key # number 7 step
key # number 8 TX save
key # number 9 beep key
10 we will call key C RV HM
fourth row key in the bottom left corner is the
star key and memory key
key # number zero SQL
next is key VFO and # pound sign the key at the bottom right corner is what we will call key D (FW)
Important - Normal key presses should be very quick - just a tap. Keys, like the knob, are sensitive to the duration they are depressed. In some cases tapping a key and holding it longer will activate a different function, and produce different results and display indications. The instructions specify when a key is to be held down. To indicate when several keys have to be pressed in sequence, we show an arrow between them. Do not press more than one key at a time unless the instructions say so. One or more beeps indicate key contact has been made (if the key has a function). You can disable the beeper as described later, but we recommend keeping it enabled while getting to know the key functions, since the pitch and number of beeps can be useful feedback. A several-second timer starts when you press C/N, and automatically restarts when you turn the knob. Pressing other keys may shut off the timer as the resulting change in operation occurs, or restart the timer so you can select various functions. Also, after changing a setting, you can usually return to the operating frequency display by pressing the PTT button at the top left corner of the radio. It does not transmit unless the operating frequency is displayed. The front keypad generates standard DTMF tones when pressed while transmitting. While reading about operation, if you are unsure about the location or function of a button or display item, refer to Controls and Connectors and Display sections on pages 7 and 8.
Your first QSO Adjusting the Volume Turn the outer ring of the knob on the top panel control to adjust the volume. If there is no signal, you can override the squelch by holding the center button (on the left side below the PTT switch), to set the volume on background noise. Squelch Setting To adjust the squelch, hold the knob down for a half second, then turn it if necessary, so that Squelch 01 is displayed. Press the knob again momentarily, then turn it to set the squelch threshold (O to 15) so the receiver is silenced (the Busy LED turns off). Press the PTT momentarily when done.
Keypad shortcut for setting the squelch Press FW - zero, turn the knob to set the squelch level, then press the PTT to save and exit. Squelch Sensitivity First set the volume to mid range, then adjust the squelch (with no signal): slightly past the point where background noise is silenced and the green Busy LED is extinguished. If set higher, sensitivity to weak signals is reduced, if set too low, "flashing" on background noise and weak stations will result. Tuning & Direct Frequency Entry Tune to the desired frequency using the inner knob: press FW at the lower right momentarily, and turn the knob to select the MHz range, then wait seconds or press FW again and turn the knob to select the frequency. You can enter frequencies directly from the keypad as well; just key in all the digits. For example, for 146.520 MHz enter: 1 PAGE _> 4 SAVE _> 6 RPT >5 APO >2 code >SQL If you want to enter an even whole frequency, like 140.00 MHz or 146.000 MHz, there's a shortcut. Pressing VFO after any entry turns the remaining digit places to zero: Transmitting To transmit, wait unit the channel is clear; press the PTT and speak in a normal voice. Keeping the transceiver a few centimeters from your mouth will result in best audio clarity. Release the PTT to receive again. When you transmit, the Busy/,TX LED turns red, and all or a few of the meter bar-segments appear, depending on your transmit power. One of four power output levels can be selected using either the keypad or menu method. From the menu: Hold the knob down to recall the menu list, then click so that TXPO 02 appears.-Press the knob once to view the default power level, then rotate the knob to select L 1 L 2, L 3, or HI press the PTT to save the change and exit.
Refer to the following table for power output vs. battery type: Display Code HI 5 watts from batteries FNB-41 FNB-42 2.5 Watts from batteries FNB-40 FNB-49 and 2 Watts from the FNB-15 battery. Display Code L3 FNB-41 FNB-42 at 2.8 Watts FNB-40 FNB-49 at 2.5 Watts FNB-15 at 2 Watts Keypad shortcut for selecting high/low TX Power: Pressing key "A" only lets you toggle between hi and low power. The low power level will correspond to that set previously in TXPO 02. Remember! - good operating practice and professional courtesy means using the least transmit power needed to maintain communications.
Basic Operation SECTION-06
Frequency Selection Modes section-06.1
There are two frequency selection modes. These affect the behavior of the knob and keys when tuning or keying in frequencies, scanning coverage, and the right half of the display. VFO key # second from the right of key D Use this to tune around for clear or active channels. As mentioned before, the knob tunes in the selected step size (or in 1 -MHz steps if you press FW first), and scanning tunes in the selected step size. The transceiver has two VFOs, A and B, which you select by pressing .VFO when receiving on either VFO. The display shows A or B near the top center to indicate which VFO is selected for tuning; the frequency is displayed in large numbers at the left. The frequency of the other VFO is displayed in small numbers at the right.MR (Memory Recall) section-06.2
MR (Memory Recall) CH 1 Use this to select and operate on stored memories There are 100 memories, each of which stores repeater shift, transmit power level, tone settings, and tuning steps (for the Memory Tune mode), and can also hold a name tag and a separate transmit frequency. Either the operating frequency or the memory name, if assigned, is displayed in large letters at the left, and the memory number is displayed at the right. Each memory can be used in the Memory Tune mode, which works like the VFO mode. Special memory mode functions like this are described later, but you should keep these terms in mind. Pressing the astrics key switches from the VFO mode to the last-used memory, and the # key switches from the memory mode to the last-used VFO. While in the memory mode, your previous VFO mode selections are preserved.
Sub Display Options section-07
The right side of the display (with the smaller digits)is referred to as the sub-display. It normally displays the channel selection for VFO B; however, you can display the battery voltage instead, or else disable the sub display completely: Press the knob for a half second, then turn it to SUB 04 press it again momentarily to display the default sub-display choice on Turn it a click to choose battery voltage DC or again disable the sub-display (OFF-). Press the PTT to save the entry and exit.
Tuning As mentioned before, you turn the knob to tune in the selected step size, or press "D"/F/W first to tune in 1 -MHz steps. You can select a new frequency from a VFO, or by tuning a memory. For now, use the VFO mode: press the number key /VFO/DW (right of the 0/SQL key) You can enter a frequency by turning the knob, or by numeric key entry. Tuning Steps section-08
Tuning Steps Channel (tuning) steps can be set to match the standard channel spacing in your region: Typically 25 kHz on UHF (and on VHF in Europe), and 15 to 20 kHz on VHF in America. Note that coarser steps tune and scan faster, and that 5- and 15-kHz steps require an extra digit when entered from the key pad, each VFO and memory has its own tuning step setting. To change step size: Press the knob 1/2 second, then turn it to step "10". Press it again momentarily to display the current step size. Turn it to choose the new step size (in kHz) then press it again momentarily to accept the new size. Press the PTT to save the entry and exit. Keypad Shortcut - press FW key then number 7, turn the knob for the desired steps, and press the PTT to exit. Transmitting section-09
Transmitting Press key "A" /LW/LCK so that LOW appears below the center of the display. To transmit, wait until the channel is clear (busy/,TX LED off), then press and hold the PTT while speaking into the microphone (at the right side of the front panel). The Busy/,TX indicator glows red when transmitting, and the barograph shows relative transmitter power output. Release the PTT to receive. If you need more power to maintain communications you can select another power setting as described on page 18. However remember that your batteries last longer and you cause minimum interference by g the lowest level possible. Note that if you decide to change the power settings memorized channel, you must first re-load that (otherwise it reverts to the original memory power level the next time it is recalled). VFO Duplex Mode SECTION-10
VFO Duplex Mode VDUP 8 If you need to transmit on a different frequency than receive channel, but don't want to go to the trouble of changing the default TX off set (SHIFT 7 page 23), or programming an independent TX t in a memory, try out the VFO "duplex" mode. This feature simply uses one VFO to store the transfrequency, and the other for the receive frenceny. You receive on the main channel, and transmit on the sub channel, regardless of h VFO (A or B) is in which display (main or sub).First make sure the sub-channel display is enabled set SUB 4 to on. Press VFO to toggle between VFO A and B, setting up each VFO with the desired frequency. Press VFO again, as necessary, so that the desired receive frequency is displayed to the left (main channel), with the transmit frequency at the right sub channel).Press and hold the knob 1/2 second, then turn it to VDUP 8. Press it again momentarily, then turn it to select on. Press it momentarily again, then press the PTT to save the entry and exit Now, when you transmit, the main and sub display frequencies will switch, indicating transmission is occurring on the sub channel VFO frequency. Note that setting a new TX/Rx pair is as easy as dialing in new frequencies for VFO A and B, then pressing VFO DW # so the VFOs are in the correct display. You are not limited to V/V or U/U operation; you can mix VHF and UHF VFO channels for cross-band semi-duplex operation! To disable VFO duplex operation, set VDUP 8 to off again. Extended Reception section-11
Introduction In addition to amateur band operation, the FT-50R offers extended receiver tuning and scanning. This feature may not be available in all countries and all transceiver versions - please check with your dealer. While operating from VFO A or B, each momentary press of the knob recalls four preset band-ranges for tuning and scanning: Frequency Range 76-200 MHz default frequency 145 MHz Frequency Range 300-400 MHz Default Frequency 380 MHz Frequency Range 400-540 MHz Default Frequency 430 MHz Frequency Range 590-999 Default Frequency 800 MHz reduced sensitivity from 76-95 MHz 800 MHz cellular blocked, non-restorable Note - If your radio only switches between 2-m and 70-cm bands, you can expand receiver coverage by hold the knob and LAMP button depressed while turning the transceiver on. For commercial FM and TV (audio) broadcast reception, wide-bandwidth IF filtering is automatically activated and a separate squelch level setting can be an AM detector switches on for aviation band reception. WFM Squelch Setting section-12
WFM Squelch Setting WSQL 30 The default squelch threshold for WFM (wide bandwidth FM) is preset to 0 (recommended for broadcast reception). To change this setting: While tuned to a FM or TV broadcastband, hold the knob down for 1/2 second, then turn it to select WSQL 30. Press it again to display the current squelch setting, then rotate the knob to select the desired level. Press the PTT to save the setting and exit.

Auto-Mode section-13
Auto-Mode Select AMOD 31 By default, the correct demodulation mode (FM, WFM or AM) is automatically selected according to frequency ranges, as shown below:
BAND (MHz) 76 - 107.995 - Service TV (CH 5-6), FM Broadcast - Mode WFM
BAND (MHz) 108-136.995 - Service Aviation Nav/Com - Mode AM
BAND (MHz) 137-173.995 - Service LMR, amateur, marine, Wx - Mode FM
BAND (MHz) 174-199.995 - Service TV (CH 7-1 0) - Mode WFM
BAND (MHz) 300-334.995 - Service Gov. (Military Aviation) - Mode AM
BAND (MHz) 335-399.995 - Service Gov. - Mode FM
BAND (MHz) 400-469.995 - Service Gov., amateur, LMR - Mode NFM
BAND (MHz) 470-540.000 - Service UHF TV ( - Mode WFM
BAND (MHz) 590-799.995 - Service UHF TV (CH 34-68) - Mode WFM
BAND (MHz) 800-999.000 - Service trunked, SMR - Mode FM
Frequencies blocked out are 199.999 to 299.999, 824.999 to 849.999, 869.999 to894.999 MHz If you would like to disable the auto-mode selection: Hold the knob down for 1/2 second, then turn it to select RMOD 31. Press it again to display the default setting, then rotate the knob to select an or Off (reception defaults to narrow FM for all frequencies). Press the PTT to save the setting and exit. Reception Mode Override section-14
Reception Mode Override RMOD 32 If you would like to override the mode selection temporarily while receiving on a channel, you can enable this feature. Auto-mode selection takes effect again as soon as you turn the knob and change the channel (unless you have it disabled - NFM only). Hold the knob down for 1/2 second, then turn it to select RMOD 32. Press it again to display the default setting, then rotate the knob to select N-FM, AM or W-FM. Press the PTT to save the setting and exit. Repeater Operation section-15
Repeater Operation ARS 05 Fortunately, repeater operation usually requires just tuning to the correct channel, pressing the PTT, and speaking. The ARS (automatic repeater shift) feature sets the correct shift and offset as you tune through the 2-m and 70-cm repeater subbands. You can observe the + and - indicators activate and change as you tune across the amateur band. The chart shows the ARS ranges for common transceiver versions. ARS is enabled at the factory. To disable it: Hold the knob down 1/2 second, then turn it to display ARS 05. Now press it again momentarily, and turn it to select off. Press the PTT to accept your setting and return the display to the operating frequency. You can still manually select a new shift, if ARS is activated or not. However, if you change frequency with ARS activated, manual repeater shift selections are terminated and the ARS shifts are restored.

Setting Repeater TX Offset section-16
SHIFT 07 Although you should keep the repeater offset programmed to that used in your area, you can change the default repeater offset for special applications: Hold the knob down for 1/2 second, select SHIFT 07 the press it again to display the offset. Turn the knob to select the new shift offset frequency (selectable in 50-kHz increments only).Press the PTT to save the setting and exit. Repeater Shift section-17
Repeater Shift - + RPTR 06 When a repeater shift is active, either + or - appears in the display. If neither appears when tuned to a repeater output frequency, you can activate the shift manually: Hold the knob down for 1/2 second, turn it to select RPTR 06 then press it to display the current shift. Press the knob momentarily, and turn it to set repeater shift direction(+ RPT, SIMP or -RPT). Press the PTT to accept your change and exit Keypad Shortcut Press FW then number 6 turn the knob to select the desired shift, then press the PTT to exit. Tone Burst For repeaters using 1750-Hz burst tone access, you can configure the switch below the PTT to sends the tone when pressed. See page 54 for details. Repeater Input Track RPTL section-18
Repeater Input Track RPTL 09 If you would like to view the repeater input frequency along with the output, and have it track as you tune channels, this can be done using the sub-display: Hold the knob down for 1/2 second, turn it to select RPTL 09 then press it to display the default setting (off-).Turn the knob one click to enable this feature (on), then press the PTT to accept your change, and exit. The display will show the input frequency tracking the output as you tune. During transmit, the repeater output appears in the sub-display. Repeater Input Monitor section-19
Repeater Input Monitor With a repeater split activated, you can temporarily reverse TX and Rx frequencies by pressing the C button. Use this to check a signal's strength on a repeater input frequency (to see if you can work them direct). Either - or + blinks while reverse split is selected. Press the C button again to return to the normal shift direction. Memory Operation section-20
Storing and Displaying Memories section-20-A
Storing and Displaying Memories When you store a memory, the current tuning step, receive frequency, repeater shift, transmitter, DCS, and CTCSS tone settings are to a memory slot. The slots are labeled from 1 to 100 and Ll & U 1 through L5 & lower and upper limits of programmable (PMS, described later).

copying a VFO into memory section-20-B
VFO then MR (copying a VFO into memory) To store a frequency in memory: Preset the desired frequency, shift, power level n the VFO mode as already described.
Hold key D (FW) for 1/2 sec. (until a second beep sounds) to display the memory slot (blinking) at the right. Within five seconds of releasing n, turn the knob elect a memory channel for storage. If you one that was already used, it will be overwritten with new data in the next step. Press key D (FW) to store the displayed data into the memory slot. The memory number stops for a second, and then disappears as continues in the VFO mode. If you timed out, operation switched to the memory mode. Simply press key number 12 left of key D to return to the VFO, and start again. MR (Memory Recall) section-20-C
MR (Memory Recall) astric key bottom left corner. Pressing Astric key changes from VFO to MR (memory recall) operation. The memory number appears at the right, and the receive frequency to the left (unless you assign a name to a memory, or activate Dual Watch as described later). Notice that pressing Astric key from the VFO mode always recalls the last stored or last-used memory. After storing several memories, you can select them by turning the knob, or by direct keypad access: Enter the number of the desired memory, followed by Astric key. If you hear two beeps and return to the previous display, the requested memory is empty. To exit and return to the last-used VFO, press VF. DW# key number 12 left of key D. Filled and Empty Memories When selecting memories for data entry, you can determine if they are already in use by the display format; CH. means unfilled, while "CH-" means it contains previous data. You can overwrite filled memories at any time, but of course old data will be lost. Note CH - 1 is always preset with 144.00 MHz. copying a memory into the VFO section-20-D
MR to VFO (copying a memory into a VFO) After storing memories, you may want to copy one back to VFO. You can copy the current memory into the last used VFO by holding key D for 1/2 second, and pressing the # key. HOME Memory section-20-E
HOME Memory Although invisible to the procedures just described, the HOME memory can be instantly recalled by pressing key D, key C, home appears above the frequency at the left. There is a default simplex frequency stored in the HOME memory, but you can reprogram it with any frequency, repeater, power, and tone settings, or even a separate transmit frequency. To copy the displayed VFO settings into the HOME memory, hold key D for 1/2 second until the right half of the display blinks, then press key C.

Custom TX Offset section-20-F
Custom TX Offset - / +All memories can store an non-standard TX offset, for operation on repeaters with non-standard shift. To do this: Store the receive frequency using the method already described under Simple Memory Storage (any repeater offset will be ignored).Tune to the desired transmit frequency, then press and hold key D for 1/2 second to display a slot at the right. Press and hold the PTT switch while pressing key D momentarily (this does not key the transmitter). Or course, if you're storing this in the HOME channel, you press key when holding the PTT. when a separate transmit frequency memory is displayed, - + appear at the top left corner, you can press key c to display the transmit frequency, - + blinks while the pair are reversed. after storing a memory with a separate transmit frequency, if you rewrite the receive frequency in that memory, the separate transmit frequency is deleted. Memory Tuning MT section-20-G
Memory Tuning MT While receiving on a memory, you can re-tune it and change any other settings: First press the astric key so that MT appears, now tune it like being in the VFO mode. To store the new frequency and settings in the current or other memory, hold key D for 1/2 second select the new slot (if desired), and press key D again. Operation remains on the new memory, as the old memory is restored. After re-tuning a memory, to discard your changes, press the astir key, key number 10, to restore the original memory data. Scanning section-21-A
Scanning Before scanning, ensure the squelch is closed. You can scan either stored memories, or each VFO at the selected tuning step. To scan memories, first recall MR operation (press astirs momentarily, to get into the memory mode), then hold the astris key for 1/2 second. To scan a VFO (press the pound key momentarily to select VFO channel A or B), then press and hold pound key for 1/2 second (sCRn appears at the right). Scanning pauses when a signal opens the squelch, and the decimal point in the frequency display at the left blinks. For VFO scanning, a double beep sounds each time the scanner reaches a band edge, unless you have disabled the beeper (key D then key 9 Scanning resumes according to how you set the scan resume mode, described next. Stop the scanner manually by pressing the astris key (on memories) pound key (on a VFO) or the PTT to stay on the current frequency, Note - You can change scan direction (up/down) by rotating the knob (left/right) while memory or VFO scanning is active. Scan Resume Modes section-21-B
Scan Resume Modes RESM 11 Scanning resumes after pausing on a signal: either after 5 seconds, or after the signal stops transmitting (carrier drops): Press the knob 1/2 second, then turn it to RESM 11 Press it again momentarily to display the current setting (5 or Carr). Turn it to choose the desired setting, and press the PTT to return to the operating display. Your scan resume setting applies universally: that is, the one setting applies to all scanning modes.

Memory Skip Scanning section-21-C
Memory Skip Scanning SKIP When you have some very busy channels stored in memories, you may wish to skip them when scanning, but still have them available for manual selection. You can mark a memory to be skipped by pressing FW astric key while receiving on the memory. SKIP appears at the lower left. To cancel scan-skip and allow the memory to be scanned, just repeat the step used to disable it: select the memory manually, and press FW astric key. Scan Lamp SCNL section-21-D
Scan Lamp SCNL 12 If you would like the LCD to illuminate when scanning pauses on activity, the scan lamp can be enabled: Press the knob 1/2 second, then turn it to SCNL 12 Press it again momentarily to display the default setting (off). Turn it to enable the scan lamp (on), and press the PTT to return to the operating display. Preset Tuning and Scanning section-21-E
PTS (Preset Tuning and Scanning) You can set the transceiver to tune or scan only within a preset band. Ten special memories (which form five preset pairs when programmed) are available for PTS operation. Each pair (Ll&Ul, L2&U2, L3&U3, L4&U4, and L5&U5) define a preset tuning and scanning range, with an upper and lower limit stored in a "L" and "U" memory. Although PTS memories are recalled, viewed and programmed the same as regular memories, they are ignored during regular memory scanning. Let's try an example: Program L1, and Ul to limit operation (tuning and scanning) to 444.00 - 446.00 MHz: From either VFO, copy 444.00 into L 1, and 446.00 into U1, as you would for regular memories. Press asteric key to switch to MR mode (if needed), and recall either memory of the preset pair (it makes no difference if you select L1 or U1). Press asteic key again to activate memory tuning (MT blinks). Turning the knob now tunes the memory up/down the same as before, however, operation is now restricted to 444.00-446.00 MHz. To scan, hold the # button for 1/2 second. Just as with regular VFO scanning, a double beep sounds each time the scanner reaches a preset band edge, unless the beeper is disabled. If ARS or manual repeater shift is activate offset is applied automatically when you t (even if the resulting transmit frequency is the programmed limits). To exit PTS, press astric key to return to MR operation, then the # key to return to a VFO. Note - you cannot activate PTS tuning or scanning if either PTS memory is marked for skip - scanning, or hidden. Advanced Operation section-22
Dual Watch section-22-A
Dual Watch DW Dual watch receives on the main channel while checking for stations on the sub channel. If activity is selected, operation shifts there while the signal is )resent. There are four dual watch choices. Before using dual watch, ensure that the sub channel display is enabled (set SUB 04 to on), and the squelch is closed(use SQL 01).

V/M Dual Watch section-22-B
V/M Dual Watch To set up V/M dual watch: Press the astric key and select any
stored memory for dual watch to check. Press the # key as necessary to
select either VFO A or B for the main channel. From the VFO, press FW
then VFO to activate dual watch.
M/M Dual Watch section-22-C
M/M Dual Watch To set up M/M dual watch: Store a frequency that you want dual watch to check in memory CH 1 Press astric key and select another stored memory
(other than CH 1) for main channel operation. With the memory displayed, press D key # key to activate Dual Watch.
H/M Dual Watch section-22-D
H/M Dual Watch To set up H/M dual watch: Select any stored memory for main channel operation. Press D key ,C key to recall the HOME memory . With the HOME memory displayed, press D key, # key to activate dual watch.
V/V Dual Watch section-22-E
V/V Dual Watch Press # key as needed to select VFO A and B for the main and sub channel, as desired. Press D key and hold # key for 1/2 second. For all dual watch modes, DW appears at the bottom left of the display. During V/M M/M, and H/M dual watch, the sub channel memory is checked every five seconds for activity. If a signal appears on the subchannel, two beeps sound, the receiver jumps to the subchannel, then DW and the decimal on the display blinks. Dual watch resumes according to how you set the scan-resume mode (5 seconds. or carrier drop). Otherwise, you can operate on the main channel VFO, or select other memories. If you wish to talk on the subchannel, press # key or astric key to cancel dual watch operation, then the PTT. Note that you can use any memory as a subchannel for V/M Dual Watch, but only memory CH - 1 for M/M. You can use Memory Tune during Dual Watch, if you activate Memory Tune first, although it may be easier to copy the memory into a VFO instead. You cannot, however, switch VFOs, or between memory and VFO operation (pressing the necessary buttons cancels Dual Watch). If you want to talk on the subchannel, you have to recall it, or press astric key to quit Dual Watch operation.Memory Masking section-23
Memory Masking You can mask stored memories from selection and display. Stored data remains and can be restored, until you overwrite it or reset the CPU. You can also restore unused memories, in which case you will find they are set to the bottom edge of the band. You can use this feature to easily check which memories you have not yet stored. You cannot hide CH - 1, (this memory must always be accessible). To hide a memory: Recall the memory you wish to hide, then press and hold D key 1/2-second. Press astric key; the display changes to CH - 1 and the previously memory can no longer be recalled manually, or included for scanning. To restore a memory: Recall any memory, then press and hold D key for 1/2-second (until F blinks). Use the knob to select the memory to be restored, then press astric key to finish. Be careful not to overwrite hidden memories accidentally;

Naming Memories section-24
Naming Memories NAME - 03 (you have to be in memory mode to name a memory)You can assign a name of up to 4 characters of memories, and have it displayed with both name and frequency. There are 48 different characters for naming, including a space and 11 special symbols. Before naming a memory, first store its frequency and other settings as described previously, then: Press astric key and select the memory you wish to name. Hold the knob for 1/2 second, then turn it to display NAME - 03. Press the knob momentarily, then turn it so that on appears at the right. If this memory has been named previously, that name now appears at the left. Otherwise, the left side is blank. Press the knob again momentarily; Set appears to the right, with an blinking underline cursor appearing at the left-most digit location. Turn the knob to select a character. With the desired character displayed, press the knob momentarily. The cursor moves one digit to the right. Turn the knob to select the next character. Repeat the above step until all characters (up to four) are entered. To change any characters, press the knob momentarily to step the cursor through the characters to get to the one to change. Entered characters disappear when the cursor is on them, but reappear when the cursor moves. Hold the knob down 1/2 second to store the name in memory, then press the PTT to return to the operating display; the name appears to the left, with the memory channel number at the right. Note that blank spaces can also be entered instead of characters, and names do not have to begin at the first (left-most) character location. To cancel the display of memory names, set NAME - 03 to OFF. You can always turn the names back on as they are preserved with the memories. Memory-Only Mode section-25
Memory-Only Mode This allows operation only on stored memories, which are displayed by name (if any) at the left, and the memory channel number to the right. No frequency is displayed, and only hyphens appear if you haven't assigned a name to a memory. Repeater shift and tone setting indicators are displayed, although they cannot be changed. In fact, the alternate functions of most keys are disabled, as well as the functions accessed by holding the knob down. Only these functions are available, as indicated: Hi/Low TX Power: key A, Lock: key D and key A, Channel Selection: knob or keypad, Memory Scanning: astric key, MR/SKIP Reverse Repeater Split: key C,RV/HM Dual Watch: key D, # key, Digital Voice (with optional FTT-12). After programming memories, you can toggle memory-only operation on and off by turning the radio off, then holding the PTT and LAMP buttons (top and bottom buttons on the left side) while holding the
power button for 1/2 second to turn it on again. Locking the Controls section-26
Locking the Controls LOCK - 17 The keypad buttons, knob and PTT can each be "locked" (disabled), to prevent inadvertent transmissions or adjustments. By default, only the keypad locks. To activate or deactivate the lock, press key D then key A. To change the locking scheme to lock the knob or PTT: Hold the knob for 1/2 second, then turn it to display LOCK - 17 Press the knob momentarily, and turn it to select the items to lock: KL = keypad, DL = DIAL (knob), PL = PTT button, or their combinations: (KL&DL, KL&PL, DL&PL, or KL&DL&PL Press the PTT to return to the operating display.
Transmit Time-Out Timer section-27
Transmit Time-Out Timer TOT - 22 To limit accidental transmissions, such as if the radio slips between the car seat with the PTT squeezed, the time-out timer shuts off the transmitter after continuous transmission of 2.5 minutes. To change the time-out duration: Press the knob down for 1/2 second, then turn it to display TOT - 22. Press the knob momentarily, then turn it to select 1, 2.5, 5 10 minutes (or OFF, to disable the timer). Press the PTT to save and exit.
Tone Squelch Modes section-28
Tone Squelch Modes These systems allow silently monitoring until a call directed to you is received, and offer privacy on an otherwise busy channel.
CTCSS Tone / Tone Squelch (Continuous Tone Coded Squelch System) section-40-a
CTCSS Tone / Tone Squelch (Continuous Tone Coded Squelch System) This imposes a continuous, subaudible tone on your transmitted audio. When decoded at the other station, this allows their squelch to open and receives play. your transmission. Some "closed" repeaters use this to limit access, or to prevent signals intended for other repeaters (with the same input frequency) in fringe areas from locking up the repeater. There are 39 selectable CTCSS tones. DCS (Digital Coded Squelch) DCS operation modulates a subaudible tone according to a digital protocol (continuous 32-bit synchronous code). DCS is widely used in the commercial land-mobile industry for its high performance and 104 codes (offers greater privacy than CTCSS). To use either CTCSS or DCS, both stations must be on the same frequency, and have selected the same CTCSS tone or DCS code. To activate CTCSS or DCS operation, press key B. "T" (encode) appears when the CTCSS tone generator is activated for transmission only. "T" / "SQL" (encode & decode) appears when the CTCSS tone squelch is activated for both TX & Rx (only signals "encoded" with the matching tone open the squelch). DCS appears when the digital code squelch system (TX & Rx) is active. To select a CTCSS tone: Press key B, as needed, to select "T" or "T/SQL" operation. Press key D, key B, to display the default tone at the right side of the display. Next, turn the knob to select the desired tone (see the table on the next page), then press key B to exit. To select a DCS code: Press key B as needed, to select "T" or "T" / SQL operation. Press key D then key B, to display the default code at the right side of the display. Next, turn the knob to select the desired tone, then press key B to exit. To select a DCS code: Press key B as needed, to select DCS operation, Press key D then key B, to display the default code at the right side of the display. Next, turn the knob to select the desired code then press key B to exit. CTCSS/DCS settings are stored in each memory along with other data. To change a programmed tone/code or state, recall the memory, change the value, and save the memory again.
CTCSS Tone Table (Hz) section-28-B
67.0 69.3 71.9 74.4 77.0 79.7 82.5 85.4 88.5 91.5 94.8 97.4 100.0 103.5 107.2 110.9 114.8 118.8 123.0 127.3 131.8 136.5 141.3 146.2 151.4 156.7 162.2 167.9 173.8 179.9 186.2 192,8 203.5 210.7 218.1 225.7 233.6 241.8 250.3 DCS codes 023 025 026 031 032 036 043 047 051 053 054 065 071 072 073 074 114 115 116 122 125 131 132 134 143 145 152 155 156 162 165 172 174 205 212 223 225 226 243 244 245 246 251 252 255 261 263 265 266 271 274 306 311 315 325 331 332 343 346 351 356 364 365 371 411 412 413 423 431 432 445 446 452 454 455 462 464 465 466 503 506 516 523 526 532 546 565 612 624 627 631 632 654 662 664 703 712 723 731 732 734 743 754
end of the CTCSS Tone Table
CTCSS or DCS Bell Paging section-28-C
CTCSS or DCS Bell Paging BELL - 18 - Bell Paging adds an alert ringer to CTCSS and DCS tone squelch operation, for added convenience. The CTCSS/DCS Bell mode displays a bell at the bottom of the frequency display when enabled. When you receive a call with a matching CTCSS tone or DCS code, the ringer sounds to alert you to the call. To activate CTCSS or DCS Bell operation (with either CTCSS tone squelch (T / SQL), or DCS (DCS operation already enabled): Hold the knob for 1/2 second, then turn it to display BELL - 18 - . Press the knob, then turn it to activate the bell and select 1, 3, 5, or 8 rings, r P L (rings until the PTT is pressed), or o F- F- . Press the PTT to save and exit. Note that other stations do not need to have the CTCSS or DCS Bell function to call you: they can just use standard CTCSS/DCS encoding. You can store the Bell ringer activated in a memory, along with different CTCSS tones, DCS codes, and encode/decode states. Operating Tip When you reply to a CTCSS or DCS Bell call, you may want to turn off the Bell function (but leave T SQL or DCS on), or else the transceiver will ring every time your squelch opens.Tone/Code Scanning section-29
Tone/Code Scanning (CTCSS/DCS) When using CTCSS tone squelch (FTT-12 required) or DCS, you can have the radio scan through the tones or codes to determine which one is present on a received signal. Before tone scanning, either tone squelch or DCS must be activated (press key B as necessary until either T SQL or DCS is displayed). Press key D then key B to display the CTCSS tone frequency or DCS tone code at the right. Press and hold key B for 1/2 second to start scanning for a matching tone or code. Scanning slows when a signal is present, and pauses and blinks when the matching tone/code is found. To accept the displayed tone frequency or
code for operation and return to the operating display, press key B twice, momentarily. Busy Channel Lock-Out section-30
Busy Channel Lock-Out BCLO-23- To prevent transmitting on top of other stations, you can prevent the transmitter from operating whenever a signal is present. To turn on BCLO: Hold the knob down for 1/2 second, then turn it to display BCLO-23-. Press the knob momentarily, then turn it to select on. Press the PTT to exit. Note - BCLO may cause problems with repeaters that require response before the carrier drops. DTMF Code Squelch / Paging Modes DTMF (Dual-Tone, Multi-Frequency) encoding and decoding allow paging and selective calling using 3-digit codes transmitted as DTMF sequences. Your receiver remains silent until it receives three DTMF digits that match those stored in a dedicated code memory. The squelch then opens so the caller is heard, and, in the paging modes, an alert ringer sounds. Note - requires optional FTT- 12 keypad.

Introduction to DTMF Code Squelch Section 31 With code squelch, both stations use the same 3-digit DTMF code, sent automatically each time you transmit. The 999 code combinations give an added degree of privacy over CTCSS, and works hand-in- hand with the DTMF paging schemes, covered later. After you and the other station have agreed upon a 3-digit DTMF code, you need to store this in a private code memory: Press key D then key #2 so the display appears as below, turn the knob (if needed) to select code memory P. Use the keypad to enter a three-digit code, and press the PTT to save the code and exit. Now, with your 3-digit squelch code stored, you can activate DTMF Code Squelch operation: Press key D then key #1 then key #1 again until CODE appears at the display bottom. When a call opens your squelch (CODE blinks), you can begin your QSO as normal. DTMF code squelch "hangs" open for about three seconds after the received carrier drops, to give you time to respond, then "resets" (CODE stops blinking). Each time you transmit, you will hear three DTMF tones - remember to pause a moment before speaking (as the code is sent). You won't hear their DTMF tones the first time you receive a call, as your squelch does not open until after they are decoded. Afterwards, however, you will hear them while your squelch remains open.
DTMF Paging Operation (receiving/sending page calls) -31-A
Introduction to DTMF Paging DTMF paging allows selectively calling other friends or groups by transmitting 3-digit ID codes that are known beforehand. It extends the previously covered DTMF code squelch mode a step further by providing a means of identifying stations that called you while you were absent - their (paging) ID codes can be displayed and recalled. There are two types of DTMF paging calls: Private Call Here you only receive paging calls that are prefixed with your private 3-digit code; your squelch opens, the alert ringer sounds, and the 3- digit code of the station calling is stored in code memory C, which automatically displays the identity of the calling station. Group Call - You can receive paging calls for up to six other groups (paging codes match one of those in code memories 1 - 6). The calling station's ID is still entered in code memory C; however, you must manually recall it to see who called. DTMF Paging uses a specially-formatted string of 7 DTMF digits, as shown below. Format of DTMF Paging Sequence (sent from left to right) There are eight DTMF code memories (labeled 1 6, P, and C ), which each store a 3-digit code: P stores your private 3-digit paging code. 1 - 6 store the codes of other friends or groups you expect to communicate with. C is read-only, and stores the ID decoded from a received DTMF paging string. This can be recalled to see the code of the station who called you. When you want to page someone, you must first select the code memory (1 - 6) holding their 3-digit code. Then, when you transmit, their code is automatically formatted along with yours, and is sent as the DTMF paging string. Actually, this sequence can be sent manually if needed using any transceiver equipped with a DTMF keypad.
Programming /SELECTING DTMF Paging Code Memories (FTT-12 keypad) Section 31-B Before using DTMF Paging, you will need to store your ID code in Code Memory P to receive private calls (you may have already done this, as this slot is also used for DTMF code squelch operation - see page 35). Afterwards, you can store up to six other codes of your friends for group calls. Follow this procedure to store code memories: Press key D then #2 key to recall the code memory list. Turn the knob to select code memory P, then use the keypad to enter a three-digit code. If you know other paging codes of other friends or groups, you can enter them now - turn the knob to select code memories 1 - 6 and repeat the code digit entry process. Press the PTT to save the code entries and exit.
Select Code Memories for Operation SECTION 31-CIn the previous step, you entered your private paging ID in code memory P, along with other group codes in memories 1-6. By default, code memories 1-6 and P are automatically enabled for operation as soon as they are stored with a code, and Code memory P cannot be turned off. Likewise, code memory C is read-only. Code memories 1-6, however, can be enabled/disabled individually, should you not want to be bothered receiving calls for particular groups: Press key D then #2 key, and rotate the knob to select a code memory that you want to temporarily disable. Now, press n as necessary to enable/disable the selected code memory (the under bar disappears for disabled code memories). Turn the knob to select other code memories, and repeat the process as needed to enable/disable others (except C and P) as needed. DTMF Paging Operation Receiving DTMF Paging Calls PAGE The only difference between receiving private and group paging calls is how the transceiver responds when the call is decoded. To set up to receive DTMF paging calls, you must first turn on this feature: Press key D, then #1 key so that PAGE appears. If the ringer is enabled (see note below), .The bell symbol W also appears. Next, press key D then #2 key and turn the knob to select the code memory holding the paging code you want to monitor. To receive private calls, this must be code memory P, for group calls, select 1 - 6. Press the PTT to save and exit. You are now ready to receive DTMF paging calls. If a private page call is decoded, the alert ringer sounds, the squelch opens, and code memory C appears at the right. For group calls (code memories 1 6), the ringer sounds and squelch opens as before, but the group code appears instead of the calling station's code. You can still find out who called your group or friend, remember that code memory C (read-only) always holds the ID of the station sending the page call. This time, you must recall it manually (it only appears automatically for private calls). Sending DTMF Paging Calls To respond to a private page call, pressing the PTT sends the other station's ID code, a DTMF "star" then your private ID code (code memory P) automatically, and resets to receive another call. In this case, Code memory C is displayed and formatted so you can respond directly. For group calls, however, pressing the PTT sends a group call using the group ID of the selected (and displayed) code memory (i.e., you wouldn't answer the calling station, but page the called group). Response is designed this way since the original call was directed to another group, rather than to you. Note about Ringer Settings There are two separate ringers that sound in the FT-50R; one for the CTCSS/DCS bell feature, and another used for DTMF paging modes. The CTCSS/DCS bell is configured using BELL 10 -(covered on page 34), while the DTMF paging ringer is a function within PFIGE -2'1-(pages 39-40). Remember that these are configured separately to eliminate any confusion during feature descriptions. To send a page call: Press key D then key #2 and turn the knob to select (display) the code memory of the station you want to page. Press the PTT to exit. If you haven't done so already, press key D then key #1 to enable the DTMF paging mode (PAGE). Make sure the channel is clear, and press the PTT (follow with your callsign, of course). To talk after receiving and responding to their call, just switch from paging to code squelch mode: Press key D then key #1 then key #1 as necessary so that CODE appears, then press the PTT to exit. When you finish your QSO, reactivate DTMF Code Paging in the same way (PAGE displayed).

Trigger Paging SECTION 31-D T.PAGE With regular DTMF paging just described, to have a QSO after responding to a page call, either you or the other station (but not both) must select code memory C, to use a common DTMF code when switching to DTMF code squelch operation. Trigger paging overcomes this inconvenience of manually switching to/from code squelch operation, however, it can only be used between transceivers so equipped with this feature. To activate trigger paging: Press key D then key #1 then key #1 as necessary so that T.PAGE is displayed, then press the PTT to exit. When a call is received, TPAGE blinks, and the alert ringer sounds. If the other station is also using trigger paging, you can respond by just pressing the PTT and talking within 3 seconds after the DTMF code sequence is sent. The pager resets to receive a new call if either station fails to respond to the other within 3 seconds. Auto-Respond Paging PAGE - 27 - This feature responds automatically (without operator intervention) to received calls by "paging back" the calling station. This has the same effect as if you manually pressed the PTT after receiving a call in either regular or trigger paging modes. There are two auto-respond modes: Answer-Back - this acknowledges a page call by "paging back" the calling station (just as if you manually selected their 3-digit code and pressed the PTT). Page Forwarding - this "repeats" a page call in its original sequence (rather than reversing the ID code pair as in answer-back format), relaying the call to extend your paging range. You can leave your radio with this mode enabled in your vehicle, office or other vantage point when you are temporarily away, but will be using another transceiver and don't want to miss any paging calls. To enable auto-respond paging: Recall PAGE-27- press the knob momentarily, then turn it to select ASBK. Press the knob momentarily again to display the current answer-back mode: AnS , FOR, or OFF. Turn the knob to select the desired mode, then press the PTT to save the change and exit. Now, with either auto-respond mode enabled, the transceiver reacts to a valid page call by answering or forwarding the DTMF page sequence, according to selected mode.
Paging Transmit Delay SECTION 31-E DLAY When calling other stations using DTMF paging or DTMF code squelch (particularly through repeaters), you may find that some stations are unable to receive your calls. This can be caused by their squelch not opening fast enough (after receiving your transmitted carrier) to allow all of the DTMF digits to be received and decoded. To correct this problem, you can set a longer delay between the time your transmitter is keyed and the first DTMF digit is sent: Recall PAGE -21-, press the knob momentarily, then turn it to select DLAY. Press the knob momentarily again to display the current time delay (ms):250, 450, 750 or 1000. This is the delay between the moment your press the PTT and transmission of the first DTMF code digit. Set it to 750 ms or 1000 ms if operating through a repeater that cuts off the first digit. Turn the knob to select the desired delay, then press the PTT to save the change and exit. Playback Speed SPED This selects the tone duration (50 or 1 00 ms) for DTMF paging digit, to select fast or slow playback speed during paging operation. The 50 ms tone du. ration are preferable, but the slower tones may work better under weak signal conditions. Recall PAGE -27-,press the knob momentarily to display SPED (DTMF code sending speed). Press the knob momentarily again to display( current speed setting, and turn it to change the setting: 50 or 100 ms per tone. Press the knot again (or press the PTT to exit). Paging Bell Rotate the knob one click to display BELL (press PTT to quit), then press the knob momentary. again to display the current bell setting: 1, 3, 5 or 8 rings, RPT (rings until the PTT is pressed), or OFF. Set it to OFF- only if you do not want the ringer to sound (these settings do not affect the CTCSS or DCS ringer).
ARTS Auto Range Transpond System SECTION 32 This system uses DCS signaling to inform you when you and another ARTS-equipped station are within communications range. Both stations must first select DCS operation using the same DCS code. The ringer can be activated or not, as desired. Whenever you push the PTT, or every 15 seconds after ARTS is activated, your radio transmits a (subaudible) DCS signal for about 1 second. If the other radio is in range, a beeps sound and their display shows RANG (in range) ,or yours does if their radio polls yours first. Whether you talk or not, both radios continue polling each other. If your CW IDer (covered on the next page) is turned on, your radio IDs in Morse code every nine minutes. As long as your stations remain within range, two beeps sound each time a poll is received (or each time they press their PTT). If you move out of range for more than one minute (four polling), your radio senses that no signal has been received, three beeps sound, and RANG blinks. If you then move back into range, as soon as they transmit (or their radio polls) your radio sounds, and RANG stops blinking. During ARTS operation, your operating frequency is displayed, but you cannot change it or other settings. Also, the squelch does not open until a signal is received for about one second, so remember to pause before speaking after pressing the PTT. To use ARTS: First ensure the battery saver feature is disabled. Activate DCS (press the B key repeatedly until DCS appears). Display the DCS tone code (press the D key then the B key) and set it to match the other station. Press the D key; RX (receive-only), TX (transmit-only), TRX (transceiver) or just your operating frequency appears at the left, indicating the current ARTS mode (described on the next page). Press the D key again if you want to change it (the operating descriptions assume both radios are set transmit receive). Press the C key when done. The display returns to normal, except that now DCS is blinking (indicating ARTS is enabled, as opposed to regular DCS operation). Finally, to activate ARTS, press the D key, and then hold the knob down for 1/2 second. Two beeps sound, and your ARTS mode selection appears at the left, with your operating frequency at the right, and with DCS blinking. To cancel ARTS operation, press the D key, and then press down on the knob and hold it for 1/2 second. Next, press the D key then the B key, then the D key again then, as necessary, to display the frequency at the left again, then press the B key to finish.
ARTS Modes SECTION 32-A RX TX TRX In the previous ARTS description, both transceivers were set to the TRX (transceiver) mode. There are two other ARTS modes available, as outlined next: RX Use this mode if you only want your radio to listen, and not poll the other station (in which case their radio should be set to the TX mode). Here, your radio will beep and display RANG (steady or blinking) to indicate the state of connection. TX This puts your radio into a transmit-only "beacon" mode where you won't hear the polling beeps (but you can still hear when the other station talks). When activated, you have no display of whether the other station is in range, or not (RANG does not appear). You should have your CW IDer enabled when this mode is activated. Your ARTS mode selection is retained by the VFOs and can be stored in memories. If you want to use normal DCS operation, you have to cancel ARTS by selecting the operating frequency when the DCS tone number is displayed (by pressing the D key then the B key).

CW ID (Morse Identifier) CWID -26-SECTION 32-B The CW IDer sends your CW ID about once every 16 polling during ARTS polling and DTMF answer-back paging (covered later). To store your callsign and activate the IDer: Hold the knob down for 1/2 second, then turn it to display CWID -26-. Now press the knob momentarily, then turn it if necessary, to display on at the right. Press the knob again momentarily. The digit location counter appears at the right, with a segment for the ID entry position at the far left (all flashing). Turn the knob to change the character at the left to be the first letter of your callsign. Press the knot momentarily. The digit location number 2 now appears at the left. Again turn the knob to select the second character of your callsign. Repeat the above step to finish entering your call. sign (up to 16 characters), then hold the knob down for 1/2 second to accept your entry, and finally press the PTT to quit.
ARTS Polling Speed ARTS-25 SPEED SECTION 32-C You can increase the ARTS polling rate, to have the radio check propagation state more frequently, such as when one or both stations are mobile. Hold the knob for 1/2 second, then turn it to display PAGE -25- . Press the knob momentarily, and turn it to select SPED (polling speed). Press the knob again momentarily, and turn it to change the setting: 15 or 25 second polling intervals, Press the PTT to save and exit.
ARTS Polling Beeper ARTS -25 Beep SECTION 32-D You can disable the two beeps that sounds each time the radio validates a polling (in-range), and three beeps that sounds when the units are out-of-range: Hold the knob for 1/2 second, then turn it to display PAGE -25- . Press the knob momentarily, and turn it to display BEEP. Press the knob again, and turn it to select ALL (all beeps enabled), rAN9 (disable in-range, double beeps only), or OFF (all beeps disabled). Press the PTT to save and exit. DTMF Autodial Feature Eight Autodial memories each store DTMF tone sequences of up to 16 digits for remote DTMF control, or telephone numbers for autopatch calls. A ninth memory is read-only and stores DTMF sequences (up to 32 digits) decoded off-the-air. To store a DTMF Autodialer memory: First activate the Autodial mode by pressing key D then key #3 so that the phone icon appears in the display. Hold key D for 1/2 second (two beeps), and within 5 seconds, press a numbered key (1 - 8) corresponding to the Autodial memory number you want to store. Hold key D again for 1/2 second, then (within 5 seconds) key in the phone number you want to store. As you do so, the digit counter increments as the entered digit is displayed to the right of it. If you make a mistake, hold the knob for 1/2 second to clear all entries for that memory and re-enter all the digits. 71 After entering the final digit, press the PTT momentarily to revert to the edit display. You can turn the knob to review your stored number, or press the key corresponding to that memory to replay it. If you want to select another DTMF memory to store, press a numbered key, as before, corresponding to the desired memory number. Otherwise, pressing the PTT again exits to the frequency display. Repeat the last two steps, and enter the Autodial digits, as desired. Press the PTT twice to return to the frequency display.
DTMF Autodialer Playback SECTION 32-E You can manually check the contents of DTMF auto. dial memories while the phone icon is displayed. Also use this to play back stored memories into a telephone. Hold key D for 1/2-second, then press any numbered key to display and play that DTMF memory. Turn the knob to review each stored digit. To play back DTMF Autodial memories on the air first ensure the DTMF memory mode is on (phone icon is displayed). Close the PTT and press the number of the auto. dial memory to transmit. Once the DTMF sequence has begun, you can release the PTT. DTMF Decoder SECTION 33-A You can use a reserved, read-only, Autodialer memory (C - 9) to display and store DTMF sequences decoded off the air as they are received: With the phone icon displayed on the operating channel You expect to receive DTMF transmissions, hold the D key for 1/2-second, then press #9 to select Autodial memory 9 (C - 9). Now, and DTMF tones received are decoded, then stored into C-9. The digits scroll from right to left as the tones are decoded, and up to 32 digits can be stored. Any additional digits will overwrite previous ones, on a first-in, first-out basis. To clear the stored digits in C - 9 hold the knob for a 1/2 second.
Digital Voice Recorder (requires FTT-12 key pad) SECTION 34 The FTT-12 includes a digital voice recorder that stores one or two messages up to 20 seconds long. You can record messages by the microphone for playback manually or automatically over the air, and you can manually or automatically record received signals. By default, one message can be recorded, and is displayed as REC and PLY during recording and playback, respectively. Before recording, you may wish to partition the 20-second voice memory into two segments, displayed as REC 1 / PLY 1 and REC 2 / PLY 2. The second segment can be up to 10 seconds long, with the first segment using the remainder. Note: To record menu #29 (record protect) has to be set to OFF Both segments can be used for manual recording and playback, but only the first segment can be used for automatic receive recording, and only the second segment can be used for automatic voice transmission.
To partition the voice memory recording time: SECTION Hold the knob down for 1/2 second, then release and turn it to display RTIM - 28. Press the knob momentarily and turn it to set the number of seconds to record for REC - 2 (up to ten seconds). The remaining time (20 minus the selected time) is allocated to REC 1. Press the PTT to return to the operating display. Note: If you record without first partitioning the voice memory, and later partition it, the second part of your previous message will be in the first partition (played back as PLY 1), and PLY 2 will play back the entire original message, but with the partitions reversed! To clear this condition, record the second partition (REC 2) again.
Microphone Recording SECTION 34-A To record your voice through the microphone: Hold key B for 1/2 second until REC 1 or REC 2 appears, if you have partitioned the voice memory, turn the knob if you want to record REC 2. Press the PTT and speak your message into the microphone (no transmission occurs). During recording, MIC appears at the left, and the number of seconds remaining in the segment counts down at the right. You can release the PTT to stop.
Speaker Playback SECTION 34-B To play back a message recorded as REC 1 or REC 2 hold key for 1/2 second. The left side of the display shows PLY 1 or PLY 2. To play back a message recorded as REC 2, press key D and then hold key C for 1/2 second. The left side of the display shows PLY 2. Receiver Recording SECTION 34-CTo record a signal from the receiver: Hold key B for 1/2 second until REC 1 or REC 2 appears. If you have partitioned the voice memory, turn the knob if you want to record in REC 2. Press key D hold the B key to record:, REC appears at the left, and the remaining seconds of memory counts down at the right. After REC counts down, REC appears which lets you Press the PTT button and record what you are receiving over the air. Then press key B to get out of this mode. You can release the button to stop, or wait until the counter runs down. Recording level is not affected by the volume control. Speaker playback is as described above.

Transmitter Playback SECTION 34-D You can manually play back any recorded messages over the air. You can hear them through the speaker during transmission. To transmit recordings made with REC 1 or REC 2 hold the PTT while pressing the knob down momentarily. You can then release the PTT: the message transmits until it is done. To transmit a recording made with
REC - 2, hold the PTT while pressing and holding the knob down for 1/2 second. Then release the knob and PTT: the message transmits until done.
Recording Protection SECTION 34-E This protects any or all recordings from being accidentally over-written: Hold the knob for 1/2 second, and then release and turn it to display RPRT - 29. Press the knob momentarily, then turn it to select on (or off- to deactivate). Press the knob again momentarily to accept your setting, and press the PTT to exit. Now, attempting to overwrite any voice memory with a new recording is blocked. VMPS (Voice Mail Paging System) When combined with the answer back feature of DTMF paging, the VMPS system emulates a personal voice mail system. A station calling you can leave a ten second voice message (stored in partition !) which you can recall later, Then you can have the radio transmit a pre-recorded message (up to ten seconds) automatically to the calling station. To use this system, a few conditions must be met: 1- The other station must know your private or group DTMF paging code (see page 37). 2- Your transceiver must have DTMF paging or trigger paging activated, with the answer back or forwarding feature enabled (see pages 38-40). 3- You must record a response message in REC 2 before activating this feature (see page 45). 4- Depending on the operating rules and regulations in your country, you may need to store your callsign in the CW IDer memory, and enable it (this mode constitutes unattended operation). see the warning next. ARTS, VMPS, and the auto response modes for DTMF paging transmit without operator intervention. Ensure that this type of operation is legal in your country before using it, and adhere to any and all regulations regarding timed station identification (CW ID). To prepare for VMPS operation: First, ensure that your private paging code is stored in the DTMF code memory P (press key D then key 2) your station callsign is programmed (CWID - 26 -) and the CW IDer is turned on. If you haven't already done so partition the voice memory (RTIM - 28) and record your personal response message in REC 2. Activate DTMF paging or trigger paging (press key D then key 1) with the answer back feature (PAGE - 27; ASBK set to AnS) enabled.
To set up the VMPS: SECTION 35 Hold the knob down for 1/2 second, then release it and turn it to display PAGE - 27. Press the knob momentarily, then turn it to select AMSG. Press the knob again, turn it to select on, then press the PTT to exit. Press key D and then hold key B for 1/2 second; AREC appears at the left, and your receiving frequency at the right. Now, receiving a DTMF page call starts a sequence of events: 1- Start the DTMF sequence is decoded with your private or group ID; the alert ringer sounds (if enabled), and receiver squelch opens. 2- Automatic off the air recording start (AREC), storing up to ten seconds of audio in PLY 1, continuing until the timer expires, or until the station stops transmitting (whichever comes first). After a two second delay, answer back paging calls back the other station, depending on their ID code, then a *, then your private ID code. Next, your callsign (stored in the IDer memory) is sent, followed by your ten second recorded response message in REC 2. END the VMPS resets for a new call.

Addendum SECTION 36 Extending battery Life Operating time depends largely on TX/Rx duty cycle, and how you care for the battery pack. The FT-50R offers several ways to conserve battery power, and extend the life of each charge. APO(Automatic Power-Off) clock icon APO - 16 Obviously the best way to save battery life is to turn the set off when not in use. You can activate APO to turn the transceiver off after a half hour, one, three, five, or eight hours of key inactivity. APO is disabled by default, but you can activate it as follows: Hold the knob for 1/2 second, and then release and turn it to display APO - 16. Press the knob momentarily, then turn it to select 0.5H, 1H, 3H, 5H, 8H or OFF (APO deactivated). Press the PTT to exit. shortcut to setting the APO delay: Press Key D then #5 key. When the APO timer is active, 10 appears in the display, and the timer resets every time you press a key or move the knob. If you don't press any keys for the selected time-out period, and you are not scanning or using Dual Watch, clock icon begins blinking, and if you have the key beeper activated (see the following page), an alert melody plays about a minute before the radio turns itself off - Press a key in that minute if you want the radio to stay on. Once it turns off, you must switch the radio back on for use. If you need to monitor for a long period, or if using an external DC supply, you can deactivate APO by the same steps above. Receive Battery Saver SAVE RSAV - 14 The receive battery saver reduces current drain during squelched monitoring by putting the receiver to "sleep" after the squelch closes, and then "waking it up" periodically to check for activity. When enabled, SAVE blinks near the bottom right of the display. You can select from five monitor/sleep duration's, from 200 ms to 2 sec. The battery saver is enabled by default. To check or change the ratio or disable the Battery Saver: Hold the knob down for 1/2 second, then release it and turn it to display RSAV - 14. Press the knob momentarily, then turn it to select 0.2, 0.3, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, or off. Press the PTT to exit. Shortcut to setting the Rx battery saver sleep time: press key D then key #4.
Transmit Battery Saver SECTION 37 Always use the lowest transmitter power necessary to maintain reliable communications (this may be the law in your country). As described on page 18, there are four TX power levels: high, low 1, low 2 and low 3. Activating TX Save can reduce transmitter current drain even further, by reducing power output when a full-scale signal is sensed on the receive frequency. TX Save can be turned on as follows: Hold the knob down for 1/2 second, then release it and turn it to display TSAV - 15 -. Press the knob momentarily, then turn it to select on (or OFF to deactivate). Press the PTT to exit. shortcut to set the TX battery saver : Press key D then key #8. Notice that the save indicator is displayed during transmission when the TX Save function is activated. Regardless of whether you use the TX Save feature, remember that the current drain of the L 1 setting is much less than the HI setting, so it is good to develop the habit of always using the lowest setting possible, switching to high power only when low power fails to get through. If you need better range, consider using a higher gain antenna instead of high power (the effect on transmissions is the same, but receive performance improves as well). Make sure any external antenna is designed for 50 ohms impedance at the operating frequency.
Beeper Disable BEEP - 13 SECTION 38 The keypad beeper draws several milliamperes, you may want to disable it if you need to conserve power while using the controls a lot. Note, however, that you will lose the audible feedback that indicates key functions and errors. To disable the beeper: Hold the knob down for 1/2 second, then release it and turn it to display BEEP - 13 -. Press the knob momentarily, then turn it to select an (or off to disable). Press the PTT to exit. shortcut to disable the beeper: Press key D then key #9. LED Disable LGT - 19 SECTION 39- The LED draws about 15 milliamperes when the squelch is open, and when transmitting. However, you may not need it: the BUSY function of the LED is duplicated by the icon at the right side of the display when the squelch is open, and the barograph always shows the TX power level when transmitting. You can disable the LED to conserve power. Hold the knob down for 1/2 second, then release it and turn it to display LGT - 19. Press the knob momentarily, then turn it to select off (or on to enable). Press the PTT to exit.
Lamp Illumination Modes LAMP - 20 SECTION 40 The (lower) LAMP button illuminates the display when operating in the dark. By default, it lights for 5 seconds, but you can change it so that it lights for 5 seconds every time a key is pressed or the knob is turned, or so that the lamp button turns the light on until you press it again. To change the setting: Hold the knob down for 1/2 second, then release it and turn it to select LAMP - 20. Press the knob momentarily, and turn it to select between 5 SEC (the default). KEY (the keypad and knob activate the lamp for 5 seconds) or TGL -the LAMP button toggles the lamp on and off. Press the knob again momentarily to accept your setting, then release it and press the PTT. Battery Care SECTION 41 As the battery discharges, the voltage drop (especially when transmitting) increases. When battery voltage drops to near 4.0 volts, the batter icon blinks at the bottom right of the display, indicating the batteries should be replaced or recharged. As battery voltage drops further, the transceiver shuts off. If using rechargeable batteries, switch the transceiver off and recharge or replace the battery as soon as the battery icon appears. Try to avoid recharging Ni-Cd batteries often with little use between charges, as that can degrade the charge capacity and useful life of the cells. Since it is hard to know exactly when the charge will run out, you may want to carry an extra, fully charged pack with you to avoid having operation interrupted. Packet Radio SECTION 42 to use the radio for packet, the receiver battery saver should be disabled, since the "sleep" periods used in power saving can cause packets to be missed. Construct a TNC interface cable ( can be purchased from RT Systems at 205 880 3093 ) and connect the MIC/ear jack to your TNC. MIC impedance is 2 k ohms and maximum input is 300 mil volts rms. Ear impedance is 8 ohms and maximum output is 2 volts rms. Note the FT-50R is not recommend for use with 9600 bps data interconnection packet operation. Cloning SECTION 43 You can copy all memories and settings from one radio to another of the same type, as follows: Set the squelch threshold level to below " 9 " if necessary. connect the MIC/ear jacks of the two radios together using a cable with a 4 contact plug at each end. With both radios turned off, turn each one on while holding both the knobs down and the PTT pressed, the word CLON will appear on both radios. Press the middle button ( monitor/tcal ) on the left side of the destination radio then wait will appear. Press the PTT on the source radio SEND and WAIT will appear on the other radio as data is transferred. If successful CLON reappears on the source display. Otherwise, CERR appears, indicating an error occurred. Restore the original squelch threshold level, as desired. NOTE if your cloning attempt fails, recheck the clone cable connections, and ensure that the receiver squelch threshold level on the destination radio is set to below level " b9 ". After correcting the problem, if you want to try cloning again, press the PTT to reset the source radio, or turn the destination radio off and back on while holding the knob and button. MON Switch Function SECTION 44 By default, pressing the middle switch on the left side of USA version transceivers disables the receiver squelch to monitor weak stations. In European transceiver versions, this transmits a 1750 Hz tone for repeater access instead. These function assignments can be reversed, if desired: Hold the knob down for a half second, release it and turn to display key 21. Press the knob momentarily M/T appears. Press the knob momentarily, then turn the knob to select either MON ( for monitor ) or TCAL ( for tone call ). Press it again momentarily, then press PTT to exit. Now you can press the switch to access the assigned function. Key Function SECTION 44 B By default, pressing TO THE RIGHT OF THE 9 IS THE "C" / RV / HM / PT reverses repeater shift ( Tx / RX frequencies ), while pressing TO THE RIGHT OF THE POUND KEY IS THE "D" / F / W then TO THE RIGHT OF THE 9 IS THE "C" / RV / HM / PT switches operation to and from the Home memory. The default key function assignments can be reversed, if desired: Hold the knob down for a half second, release it and turn to display KEY 21. Press the knob momentarily. Turn the knob if necessary, to select H/R ( for HOME/reverse ), then press it again momentarily. Turn the knob to select HOME or REV, then press PTT to exit. Now you can press TO THE RIGHT OF THE 9 IS THE "C" / RV / HM / PT or TO THE RIGHT OF THE POUND KEY IS THE "D" / F / W then TO THE RIGHT OF THE 9 IS THE "C" / RV / HM / PT to access the assigned function.
Power on settings and functions section 45 Hard reset ( this resets the unit back to factor default setting and erases all your memory and settings ) hold channel and the MON button as you power on the unit then push the FW key. Expanded RX Hold the Channel Knob and lamp botton as you turn the unit on, for expanded RX range.
Setting Squelch Press [F/W] then [0] Now turn the top-knob to adjust to your desired level. (Recommend setting 4-8). Press[0].again to save setting.
Entering a frequency To enter 146.520 Mhz. Press [VFO] [1] [4] [6] [5] [2] [0]
Set a Repeater Offset Press [F/W] then [6] Now turn the top knob to select "-" "+" or simplex. Press [6] again to save.
CTCSS/DCS tone ON (FTT-11 Encode only) (FTT-12 Encode/Decode) Press [TN] key then a small "T", "DCS" (FTT-11 key pad only). "T", "SQ" or "DCS" (FTT-12 key pad only) Will appear above the frequency.
Select a CTCSS or DCS frequency (FTT-11 Encode only) (FTT-12 Encode/Decode) Press [TN] then [F/W] [TN] Now turn dial to the desired CTCSS or DCS frequency. Press [TN] to save selection.
Setting HI/Low Power Press [LW] key to select HI/Low setting. OR Press top knob DOWN for 1 second , now turn top knob so TXPO -02- menu shows. Press top knob down quickly again and adjust to your desired level (HI, L1, L2, L3). Then press PTT to save and to exit.
Storing a Memory Channel Select [VFO] enter desired frequency, repeater offset, CTCSS tone (If any) and your power level. Press and hold [F/W] for 1/2 second, now turn dial and select memory channel location. Press [F/W] to store memory.
ABS - Automatic Battery Saver ON Press [F/W] [4], now turn top knob and select 0.2, 0.3, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 or OFF. (Recommended setting is [0.2]. Press [4] again to save setting and to exit).
APO - Automatic Power OFF Setting Press [F/W] [5], Now turn top knob and select .5, 1, 3, 5, 8 or OFF settings. Press [5] again to save setting and to exit.
Recalling Memories Press [9] [MR] to recall memory channel 9. Press [1] [5] [MR] to recall memory channel 15. (Hint: Channels 1-9 press one digit, channels 10 or higher press two digits.
Scanning Memory Scan: Press and hold the [MR] key for 1/2 second. Press PTT to stop scanning. VFO Scan: Press and hold the [VFO] key for at least 1/2 second. Press PTT to stop scanning.
Memory Lock-out During Scan Select memory channel to be locked out, press [F/W] [MR] to skip a memory during scan. (Hint: repeat again to put back into scan mode.)
Automatic CTCSS or DCS tone Search (For "SQ" the FTT-12 Encode/Decode key pad must be installed). ("DCS" can work with the FTT-11 key pad.) Press [TN] to select "SQ" or "DCS" on display, then press [F/W] [TN], then press [TN] for 1/2 second to start scanning. Press [TN] or PTT to stop and [TN] to exit.
Keypad Beeper ON/OFF Press [F/W] [9] now turn top knob to select ON or OFF. Press [9] to save setting and to exit.
Setting VFO Steps Press [F/W] [7]. Now turn top knob and select the desired step. Press [7] again to save setting and to exit. (Hint: Each VFO may have a different step value.)
Transmit Battery Saver ON Press [F/W] [8]. Now turn top knob so display will show [on]. Press [8] again to save setting and to exit. (Repeat again to turn off.)
Please refer to the FT-50R Operations Manual for additional commands.

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