2-m Hand-Held Paging Transceiver
Table of Contents
Accessories & Options List 4
Controls & Connectors 5
Top Panel 5
Side & Front Panels 6
Key Functions 9&10
Batteries & Chargers 11
NC-50 Desktop Rapid Charger 11
PA-10 Mobile Power Adapter 12
FBA-14 Dry-Cell Battery Case 12
Battery Removal & Replacement 13
MH-12A2B & MH-18A2B Speaker/Mics 14
MH-19A2B Earpiece/Microphone 14
VC-22 VOX Headset with Boom Mic. 14
Antenna Considerations 14
Preliminary Steps 15
Volume & Squelch Setting 16
Frequency Selection Modes 17
Frequency & Step Selection 18
Repeater Splits 20
Setting Standard Repeater Offset 21
Automatic Repeater Shift 22
Simple Memory Storage 22
Recalling Memories 24
Call Channel Memory 24
Memory Tuning 25
Masking Memories 25
Naming Memories 26
Memory Skip Scanning 28
Programmable Subband Limits 29
Priority Channel Monitoring 30
Memory-Only Mode 31
Locking the Controls 32
Lamp Illumination 32
CTCSS Operation (with FTS-26) 33
DTMF Paging & Code Squelch 35
DTMF Autodial Memories 45
Extending Battery Life 51
In Case Of Problems 55
Packet Radio 57
FTS-26 Installation 58
FT-11R FM Hand-Held Paging Transceiver
The FT-11R is a deluxe compact FM hand-held transceiver
the latest capabilities in microprocessor control for the
amateur band. Transmitter power output is selectable in four
levels, with a new high-efficiency FET final amplifier allowing
to five watts output when used with only a 9.6-volt battery
The FT-11 R offers a wide range of battery preserving features,
lO-memory, 15-digit DTMF autodialler, and a wealth of selective
The slim-line compact case is designed to be very easy to
carry and to fit comfortably in hand. Knob count is minimized
using push-buttons for volume and squelch control. The die-cast
alloy rear case/heatsink and thick high-impact polycarbonate
plastic front panel and battery cases provide a rugged yet
unit. Rubber gaskets seal external connectors to protect against
dust and rain or spray. The LCD (display) and translucent
have selectable lighting modes, and the display shows six
digits and most programmable functions, plus relative signal
strength, power output and preset volume level on vertical
horizontal bargraph meters.
Two independent VFOs and 150 freely tunable memories are
programmable from the keypad. Memory features include scanning,
independent tx/rx frequencies or programmable offsets, two
programmable subband limits for band scanning, selectable
for busy channels, scan resume on carrier drop or after 5-second
pause, priority monitoring and an instant-recall CALL channel.
Standard channel steps from 5 to 50 kHz are selectable and
steps are also available for tuning. The optional FTS-26 CTCSS
(Continuous Tone-Coded Squelch System) provides 39 standard
sub-audible tones which can be stored in each memory independently.
Also with the FTS-26, a CTCSS Bell feature can be set to sound
paging alert tone when tone squelch opens.
New features include naming of memory channels and DTMF
Autodial memories with up to 6 characters of your choice,
automatic display or manual selection. Also, DTMF message
Paging allows you to send and receive 6-character messages
from your friends automatically. Ten memorized messages can
stored in an outgoing-message bank, and easily selected for
transmission, while a separate incoming-message bank stores
most recent incoming pager messages.
In addition to the 4-step power output selection, unique
features to extend battery charge life include Yaesu's ABS
(Automatic Battery Saver), which monitors operating history
optimizes the save duration accordingly; the TX Save feature,
automatically reduces transmit power during periods of no
modulation and high incoming signal strength; selectable-period
(Automatic Power Off) to turn off the radio after a period
inactivity; and selectable always-on or 5-second illumination
the display and translucent keypad.
The keypad serves as a DTMF encoder during transmission,
up to 10 DTMF memories can store 15 digits each for quick
of commonly used numbers. The DTMF (Dual-Tone, Multi-Frequency)
-based selective calling and private paging capabilities let
select any of 999 3-digit ID codes for your transceiver, and
have it stay quiet until your code is received (from any standard
DTMF-equipped transceiver). Upon receiving the DTMF ID code,
can have a paging beeper sound (1, 3 or 5 times), and also
squelch open, or not, as desired. Additionally, in the page
when your ID code and a 3-digit ID code of the calling station
received, your display shows the code of the calling party.
3-digit code memories store your ID plus those of 9 other
frequently called stations or groups you wish to monitor,
extra code memory always stores the last 3-digit DTMF code
Please read this manual carefully to familiarize yourself
the FT-11R features.
Frequency range (MHz): 144 - 146 or 148
Channel steps: 5, 10, 12.5, 15, 20, 25 & 50 kHz
Repeater shift: +/- 600 kHz (programmable)
Emission type: F2, F3
Supply voltage: 4.0 to 12 V DC
20 mu-A Auto Power Off
16 mA Standby (Saver on)
140 mA Receive @11.0 V*, w/200 mW AF
42 mA Receive @ 11.0 V, (squelched)
1.5 A Transmit(5W)
* 11.0 V provided by PA-10 Mobile Power Adapter
Antenna (BNC jack): YHA-52 rubber helical
Case size (WHD): 57 x 123 x 26 mm w/FBA-14
Weight (approx.): 280 grams with FBA-14
Circuit type: Double-conversion superheterodyne
IFs: 17.7 MHz & 455 kHz
12-dB SINAD Sensitivity: <0.158 muV
Adjacent channel selectivity: > 64 dB
Intermodulation: > 60 dB
AF output (@11.0 10% THD): 0.2 W @ 8 ohms
Power output (@11.0 V): approx. 5.0, 3.0, 1.5 & 0.3 W
Frequency stability: better than +/- 10 ppm
Modulation system: variable reactance
Maximum deviation: +/- 5 kHz
FM Noise (@ 1 kHz): better than -40dB
Spurious emissions: > 60 dB below carrier
AF distortion (@ 1 kHz): <5%, w/3.5 kHz deviation
Microphone type: 2-kOhm condenser
Specifications may be subject to change without notice or
Accessories & Options List
Rechargeable Ni-Cd Battery Packs
FNB-31 4.8 V, 600 mAh
FNB-33 4.8 V, 1200 mAh
FNB-35 7.2 V, 900 mAh
FNB-38 9.6 V, 600 mAh
Desktop Rapid Charger
NC-50 for FNB-31, -33, -35 & -38
CA-10 Charge Adapter (used w/NC-50)
Compact 15-Hour Chargers
NC-55B/C* for FNB-31 (use w/CA-9)
NC-34B/C for FNB-33/35 (use w/CA-9)
NC-38B/C for FNB-38 (use w/CA-9)
*"B" suffix for use with 117 VAC, or "C"
for use with 220-234 VAC.
CA-9 Charge Adapter (used w/NC-34B/C, -38B/C and -55B/C)
FBA-14 Battery Case for 4 AA-size Dry-Cells
CLIP-3 Belt Clip
CSC-61 Soft Case for FBA-14, FNB-33, -35, -38
CSC-62 Soft Case for FNB-31
PA-10 Mobile Power/Adapter
MH-12A2B Hand Speaker/Microphone
MH-18A2B Miniature Hand Speaker/Mic
MH-19A2B Earpiece/In-Line Miniature Mic
VC-22 VOX Headset
YHA-52 Flexible Helical Antenna
FTS-26 CTCSS Tone Squelch Unit
Availability of accessories may vary: some accessories are
as standard per local requirements, others may be unavailable
some regions. Check with your Yaesu dealer for changes to
Controls & Connectors
Top & Front Panel
(1) Antenna Jack
This BNC jack accepts the supplied YHA-52 flexible antenna,
another antenna designed to provide 50-ohm impedance on the
(2) EAR Jack
This 2-conductor, 3.5-mm mini phone jack provides audio output
an optional earphone or speaker/mic (impedance is 8 ohm).
internal loudspeaker is disabled when this jack is used. Note:
protective rubber cover over the jacks must be pulled up to
them. Press it back over the jacks when they are not in use,
protect the inside of the transceiver from dust and water.
(3) MIC Jack
This 2-conductor, 2.5-mm phone jack accepts microphone input
an optional microphone or speaker/mic (impedance is 2-kOhm).
internal microphone is disabled while this jack is used.
(4) DIAL Rotary Selector
Use this 20-position switch to tune, or select memories and
settings such as tuning steps and paging codes, according
function selected by the keys. This knob can be set to duplicate
some functions of the VOLUME UP / VOLUME DOWN keys for convenience
(5) VOLUME UP / VOLUME DOWN buttons
These buttons adjust the volume of the receiver in 32 small
increments, indicated in the vertical bargraph at the left
display. Also, the squelch is adjusted in the same manner
first pressing the F/M key. This sets the threshold level
(or noise) open the squelch. It should normally be set just
point where noise is silenced (BUSY/TX lamp is off) when the
channel is clear.
(6) LOCK Switch
This slide switch locks the front-panel controls and buttons.
locking modes are selectable: keypad, PTT, DIAL and volume
in various combinations.
(7) BUSY/TX Indicator Lamp
This LED indicator glows red when transmitting, and green
noise squelch is open (the channel busy) during reception.
(8) Front Panel Keys
These 18 keys generate DTMF tone pairs during transmission
CALL & MSG), and select operating features of the transceiver
during reception. One or two beeps sound whenever a key is
(unless the keypad beeper is disabled). The labels on the
indicate their primary functions, while labels on the panel
indicate alternate functions, which are activated by momentarily
pressing F/M/D first, and then the desired key within five
For example, to use the alternate (Low Power) function of
LOW/DEF/3 key, you press F/M/D followed by LOW/DEF/3 within
seconds (in the manual, we indicate this by showing F/M/D,
LOW/DEF/3). There are also some "Setting Mode" functions,
customizing less-commonly used features. The Setting Mode
activated by pressing and holding F/M/D for > « sec.
second beep sounds) then using the DIAL and MHZ UP/A or MHZ
keys to select and change function settings. All key functions
summarized in the tables on the next two pages (by key), and
function on the FT-11R Operator's Quick Reference Card. These
described in detail in the Operation chapter.
Side & Rear Panel
(1) PTT, Monitor (Burst) & LAMP Switches
The three buttons under the rubber cover are activated by
the ridges at the top (PTT Push-to-Talk) center (Squelch
override/Monitor or Burst), or bottom (Lamp) of the cover.
The rubber cover over the switches is intended to be
permanent, and allows the switches underneath to be operated
Press and hold the (top) PTT switch while speaking across
of the transceiver to transmit (the microphone element is
center of the panel). While transmitting, the BUSY/TX indicator
glows red, and pressing the front panel keys transmits a DTMF
or tone sequence.
The center switch, in non-European versions, opens the squelch
momentarily without disturbing the squelch settings. Pressing
first before the monitor button causes receiver audio to be
("MUTE" displayed) until the button is released.
In European versions, the center switch transmits a 1750-Hz
for repeater access.
Press the (lower) LAMP switch to illuminate the display and
when operating in the dark. Pressing only this switch activates
lamp for 5 seconds. Press F/M/D first if you want the lamp
on (until you press the switch again).
(2) Battery Release
Slide this mechanical button to the left to install a battery
and to release the battery for removal.
(3) POWER switch
To turn the transceiver on, gently press and hold this orange
switch for « sec. Do this again to turn the power off.
[graphic representation of possible displays on the screen]:
across top row:
- a number in the Memory Box, e.g. 146
- LOW, for Low TX power
- T, for CTCSS encode
- SQ, for CTCSS Decode
- minus and plus, for Repeater Shift
- icon of a sound wave, for Pager Alert Ringer
- icon of telephone, for DTMF Memory Autodialer
- icon of clock, for APO Timer On
vertical column at left edge of display: Preset Level Bargraph
across middle area of screen:
- SKIP and UP pointer - Memory scan skip
- underneath that, MT - memory tune
- in centre of display, in larger figures: 146.0 space 12
smaller 5 - showing 12.5 kHz Steps selected
- icon of a Bell, for CTCSS Bell
across screen, beneath frequency display, left to right:
- VL - Volume Lock
- dash - Page Code Enabled
- MSG - Paging Message Mode Enabled
- T.PAGE - DTMF Paging/Trigger Paging
- CODE - DTMF Code Squelch
- SAVE - RX Pwr Saver
- icon of battery - Low Batt. Power
across screen, left to right, bottom row:
- PL - PTT Lock
- KL - Keypad Lock
- DL - Dial Lock
- F - Alt Key Function
- S-display, numbered 1-9 - Rx S-Units Rel. Tx Pwr
[This is shown as a table, listing Key; Normal Function;
Function (after pressing F/M/D key - "F" is displayed
for 5 secs.)
1; Enter digit 1; Toggles CTCSS Encode/Decode Mode: T/T/SQ
Note: FTS-26 (optional) must be installed for Tone Squelch
and CTCSS Bell function.
2; Enter digit 2; Toggle display of CTCSS tone frequency
to select tone) or enable/disable keypad key beeper (press
key - "b" appears in memory box)
3; Enter digit 3; Toggle High/3-step selectable Low Tx Power.
TX power level selected using DIAL knob or MHZ UP/A or MHZ
keys. (LOW 1, LOW 2, or LOW 3 shows in LCD).
4; Enter digit 4; Display/select power saver interval (sleep
use DIAL knob or MHZ UP/A or MHZ DOWN/B keys to select the
ratio, automatic or off.
5; Enter digit 5; Enable/disable Auto Power-Off feature,
power-off timer period (10, 20 or 30 mins.)
6; Enter digit 6; Toggles repeater shift direction: -/+/off
7; Enter digit 7; Display/select tuning steps size (use DIAL
select default steps of 5, 10, 12.5, 15, 20, 25 & 50 kHz).
8; Enter digit 8; Display state TX Save feature-press MHZ
MHZ DOWN/B keys to toggle on/off.
9; Enter digit 9; Toggle repeater shift reverse.
0; Enter digit 0; Activate "set-function" mode:
"F" displayed for
5 secs., DIAL knob selects any of 13 functions, MHZ UP/A or
DOWN/B keys change default settings.
Key Functions (continued)
*; Normal Function - From VFO: recall last-used memory channel.
From Memory: enable memory tuning. Display shows "M TUNE";
ALT Function from memory mode only: toggle scan skip of
currently selected memory channel.
F/M/D; Enable ALT function of following pressed key ("F"
displayed); Cancel ALT function (while "F" is still
#; From VFO: select VFO "A" or "b". From
Memory: select last-used
VFO; ALT function - Activate Priority monitoring
CALL; Jump to CALL channel; Toggle DTMF autodial memory mode
of telephone displayed).
MSG; Enables Paging Message programming; Activates the Message
receive system, when activated from within DTMF Paging or
Trigger Paging Mode
MHZ UP/A and MHZ DOWN/B; Tune up/down a step or memory, press
hold to start scanning (band or channel); Tune up/down in
VOL UP/VOL DOWN; Display/select preset volume level; Display/select
preset squelch level.
PAGE/C; Toggle Paging/Trigger Paging/Code Squelch and CTCSS
Functions; Display/select DTMF Code memories.
Batteries & Chargers
The FT-11R requires the FNB-38 9.6-volt rechargeable Ni-Cd
battery pack for the full 5-watt transmitter power output.
where slightly lower maximum power output is practical, the
7.2-volt FNB-35 (providing 4 watts) and the 4.8-volt FNB-31
FNB-33 Ni-Cd packs (1.5 watts) offer smaller size, lighter
or extended battery charge life. Also, when using the PA-10
Power Adapter, the Ni-Cd packs may be recharged whenever the
is inserted into the adapter. Any Ni-Cd pack should be fully
charged before it is used with the transceiver for the first
Three types of battery chargers are available: 15-hour
compact chargers, the NC-50 Rapid Charger (used with CA-10
Adapter) and the internal charging circuit provided by the
Mobile Power Adapter and an external DC voltage source.
Different 15-hour compact chargers are required for different
FNB-31/-33: 4.8 VDC, 600/1200 mAh, charger NC-55B
FNB-35: 7.2 VDC, 900 mAh, charger NC-34B
FNB-38: 9.6 VDC, 600 mAh, charger NC-38B
Ensure you use the correct charger for each pack. Each compact
charger is available with a "B" suffix for operation
from 117-V AC,
or with a "C" suffix for operation from 220 234-V
NC-50 Desktop Rapid Charger
The NC-50 is a universal AC mains battery charger with rapid
and trickle charging modes for all FNB series Ni-Cd packs
above. It requires the CA-10 Charge Adapter, which comes wired
the mains voltage in the area sold.
The rapid mode is automatically selected initially, to bring
the battery pack up to full charge as fast as safely possible
a delta-V sensor. A red LED lights during quick charging,
the pack approaches full charge, the charger reverts to trickle
mode (green LED), to prevent self-discharge. The rapid mode
recharges a battery in about 1 hour.
PA-10 Mobile Power Adapter
The PA-10 charger/power adapter provides operating and battery
charging voltage from an automobile electrical system or other
source. Designed for the car door or dashboard, it allows
convenient and safe mobile operation. Dual flexible latching
facilitate easy insertion and removal of the FT-11R, while
providing a secure transceiver mount for battery charging
operation in a mobile environment. Use only with 12-volt
negative-ground electrical systems.
The PA-10 provides regulated 11-V DC output for operating
transceiver and for trickle-charging NiCd batteries when the
transceiver is not in use. When the transceiver is inserted
the hanger, a LED turns on to indicate charging is taking
and the transceiver display automatically illuminates for
night-time viewing (unless the feature is disabled).
In addition, placing the transceiver in the PA-10 cradle
automatically activates an internal fan cooling the rear heatsink
of the radio during extended or high-power transmissions (see
warning box on page 21).
FBA-14 Dry-Cell Battery Case
The FBA-14 dry-cell battery case may be used with four
"AA"-size (UM-3) batteries. Maximum power output
is about 1.5
watts. Use alkaline cells for best performance.
Caution! The FBA-14 must not be used with rechargeable cells.
It lacks the necessary thermal and over-current protection
provided in the FNB series Ni-Cd Packs.
One or more of the above battery packs/cases may be supplied
with the transceiver. If you need a battery, contact your
dealer. We do not recommend the use of any other type of battery
with the FT-11R, and using another type may affect your warranty.
Battery Removal & Replacement
- Make sure the power is switched off, and remove the protective
soft case, if used.
- Grasp the transceiver horizontally with your left hand,
thumb is on the Battery Release Button.
- Move the button in the direction indicated by the arrowhead,
while using your right hand to slide the battery case up slightly
and outward away from the transceiver battery well. The battery
should slide smoothly out of its track.
To open the FBA-14 battery case, place your thumbs on the
on top of the case and gently pry the case apart. Always replace
all four batteries, paying attention to the polarity indicated
inside the case.
** Do not attempt to open any of the rechargeable Ni-Cd packs,
do not install rechargeable cells in the FBA-14, as they could
explode if accidentally short-circuited.
To replace the battery case or Ni-Cd pack, repeat the second
and third steps above, inserting the battery case in the other
direction after aligning the four locking lugs of the battery
with the guide channels in the transceiver battery-well sides.
MH-12A2B & MH-18A2B Speaker/Microphones
A Speaker/Mic can increase operating convenience and extend
communications range. Each is equipped with a dual plug connector
which mates with the EAR and MIC jacks on the top panel of
transceiver, disabling the internal speaker and microphone.
cable lets you clip the transceiver to your belt, or hold
obstructions for better performance. Also, using a Speaker/Mic
mobile operation allows the transceiver to be left in the
Mobile Power Adapter/Mount.
Hold the Speaker/Mic close to your ear during reception;
connect an earphone to the plug on the Speaker/Mic, attenuating
audio from its loudspeaker. To transmit just hold the Speaker/Mic
close to your mouth and close the PTT switch on the microphone.
The MH-19A2B works like the Speaker/Mics described above,
consists of an earpiece and in-line microphone/PTT switch
The earphone is inconspicuous and ideal for monitoring in
crowded areas, while the microphone has a clip for attaching
shirt or jacket collar. Press the PTT switch on the microphone
VC-22 VOX Headset with Boom Microphone
The VC-22 connects to the EAR and MIC jacks in the same
as the speaker/mics. It consists of a headband-supported earphone
and attached boom microphone, allowing hands-free vox operation
with the transceiver.
While the supplied rubber flex antenna is convenient for
short-range operation, the standard BNC jack allows use of
gain antenna to extend range in base or mobile operation.
antenna used with the FT-11R should have an impedance close
ohms on the 2-m band. If a feedline is used, it should be
quality 50-ohm coax. Obtaining a proper fit with some BNC
require removing the rubber gasket around the antenna jack
This chapter describes the various transceiver functions
tutorially. After studying these descriptions, keep the FT-11R
Operator's Quick Reference Card handy to refresh your memory.
Before operating the FT-11R the first time:
- Charge the battery pack completely (if using Ni-Cd batteries)
described on page 11. If using an FBA-14 dry-cell battery
install the batteries as described on page 13.
- Connect the supplied antenna to the antenna jack on the
the transceiver. Never operate the transceiver without an
- If you have a Speaker/Mic, we suggest you not connect it
you are familiar with basic operation.
- Before proceeding, please read the Controls & Connectors
if you have not already, to familiarize yourself with the
of the controls. Note especially the display on page 8, and
information on pages 9 & 10.
When you press the front panel keys during reception, one
two beeps sound to indicate key contact. Don't hold the key
unless you are storing a memory, and try to avoid pressing
at the same time. While transmitting, the keys generate DTMF
according to their numeric label or the blue A, B, C, D, *,
(near the non-numeric keys).
You need not be too concerned about the following descriptions
of timers - they are much easier to understand (by doing,
will get to shortly) than to describe.
***Low Battery-Power Indicator
When the battery voltage drops to 4.0 volts, the Low Battery
indicator begins blinking, indicating the battery pack should
recharged or batteries replaced. Tx power automatically drops
0.3 W, and if you continue operating, the transceiver turns
You can turn the keypad beeper on and off by pressing F/M/D
then 2, then toggling the F/M/D key ("b" appears
in the memory box
window when enabled). If you lock the keypad (as described
with the beeper enabled, each key sounds a different musical
for as long as it is held. Press 2 again to return to normal
A several-second timer starts when you press F/M/D, and
automatically restarts when you turn the selector knob or
MHZ UP/A or MHZ DOWN/B. Pressing other keys may shut off the
as the resulting change in operation occurs, or restart the
so you can select various functions.
The beeper provides useful audible feedback whenever a key
pressed. Each key has a different pitch, and many functions
unique beep combinations. For example, you will hear a low-pitched
beep followed by a high-pitched beep when you press MHZ UP/A,
high-pitched beep followed by a low-pitched beep when you
DOWN/B. You can disable the beeper as described in the box
but we recommend keeping it enabled while getting to know
With that said, if you have trouble getting the transceiver
work as described, see "In Case of Problems," on
Press either of the VOL UP or VOL DOWN buttons to adjust
receiver volume, which is indicated on the 8-segment vertical
bargraph at the left edge of the display. If there is no signal,
you can temporarily override the squelch by holding the center
button (below the PTT switch), while adjusting the volume
Squelch silences background noise when no signal is present
the channel. You adjust the receiver squelch using the VOL
DOWN buttons after pressing F/M/D (within 3 seconds). While
the squelch, "SQL" appears followed by a number
(1 to 8) indicating
the squelch level. Also, as with volume, the vertical LCD
provides a visual reference of the selected level. Below about
level "3", the BUSY/TX LED glows green, indicating
the squelch is
open. To set the squelch:
- After setting the volume to a comfortable level, if a signal
present, turn the DIAL to an empty channel (no signal, or
- Press F/M/D and then VOL UP or VOL DOWN just to the point
background noise is silenced and the LED is extinguished.
squelch is set to a higher level, sensitivity to weak signals
Now, whenever a signal reaches the receiver strong enough
open the squelch, the BUSY/TX indicator glows green.
Note that while receiving, one or more bargraph segments
appear along the bottom of the display, indicating received
strength. This is not affected by the squelch, so even squelched
signals can give some indication. If several bargraph segments
appear while the squelch is closed, try reducing the squelch
setting (if you want to hear weak signals).
In non-European versions, the monitor switch (the center
below the PTT) opens the squelch so you can check for weak
and adjust volume independently.
Frequency Selection Modes
This mode is for tuning or scanning the band when looking
a channel on which to operate, when you don't have a specific
frequency in mind. In this mode, the DIAL knob and arrow keys
tune the band in the selected step size, or in 1-MHz steps,
scanning function tunes in the selected step size. The FT-11R
two independent VFOs, A and B, which you toggle between by
# when receiving on either VFO. The memory box at the upper-left
the display shows which VFO is currently selected.
This mode is mainly for operating on specific channels known
in advance (and stored in the memories). For example, after
the frequencies of your local repeaters, you can confine operation
to those channels by selecting the memory mode. In this mode,
DIAL, MHZ UP/A and MHZ DOWN/B keys and scanning function select
sequentially from stored memories. The FT-11R provides up
memories (plus 5 special-purpose memories), each of which
repeater shift direction, CTCSS settings (if the FTS-26 option
installed), and separate receive and transmit frequencies.
Each memory has a Memory Tune mode which lets you tune just
like the VFO mode, and store the resulting re-tuned memory
same or another memory. This and other special memory mode
functions are described later, but you will want to keep these
terms in mind.
You can tell at a glance which frequency selection mode
active by looking in the outlined memory box at the upper
corner of the display. If a small "A" or "b"
appears in the box,
you are in the VFO mode. If you see a small number or an "L
"U 1/ U2" or "C" in the box, you are in
the memory mode.
The * key switches from the VFO mode to the last-used memory,
and switches from the memory mode to the last-used VFO. While
the memory mode, your previous VFO mode selections are preserved.
Frequency & Step Selection
You can select a new frequency from a VFO, or by tuning
memory. For now, we suggest using the VFO mode. If you see
number in the memory box, press # to switch to VFO mode. You
enter a new frequency directly by the numeric keys, or by
with the DIAL knob or MHZ UP/A and MHZ DOWN/B keys. See Locking
Controls on page 32 if the keys or DIAL doesn't work.
Direct Numeric Keypad Entry
To enter a new frequency directly, just press the 10's and
1's-of-MHz digits, and the 100's- and 10's-of-kHz (if your
receives outside the 140- to 150-MHz range, press the 10's-of-MHz
digit first). When you press the first key, the display clears
only the new digit appears. When you press the last key, the
display reverts to normal, showing the new operating frequency
6 digits (if it's valid), or the original frequency (if it
2 beeps sound).
Example: To operate on 146.94 MHz:
- Press 4 (save) then 6 (RPT) then 9 (REV) then 4 (SAVE) and,
trailing zero doesn't appear, press 0.
If your set covers the 146- to 147-MHz range, you should
see "146.940" displayed as your operating frequency.
should have heard 2 beeps, and the display should be as before
an in-band frequency).
If your set is using 12.5- or 25-kHz steps, nothing happened
when you pressed 4, since this frequency is not a multiple
steps. Just press any other number (except 9/REV) to get the
nearest resulting 12.5-kHz channel. Notice that you can enter
12.5-kHz splinter channels this way, but subsequent tuning
in the selected step size, if it is larger.
You can turn the DIAL or press the MHZ UP/A or MHZ DOWN/B
to tune in the selected step size. If you press and hold a
or MHZ DOWN/B key for continuous tuning, you need to release
then press it again momentarily (to stop, and prevent scanning).
One-MHz steps are also available: just press F/M/D before
either of the A or B keys (and hold for repeated stepping),
press F/M/D and turn the DIAL.
Default channel (tuning) steps are 5 kHz in A versions,
12.5 kHz in B versions. To select another step size, press
then 7 (STEP), turn the DIAL for the desired steps, then press
PTT to return to normal operation.
Press F/M/D then 3 (LOW), once or twice to select low power
output (see box on following page), and "LOW" (followed
by a level
selection number) appears in place of the frequency, with
also displayed above and to the left.
To transmit, wait until the channel is clear (BUSY/TX LED
off), then press and hold the PTT while speaking into the
microphone (near the center of the front panel). During
transmission the BUSY/TX indicator glows red, and the horizontal
bargraph meter shows relative transmitter power output. Release
PTT to receive.
If you need more power to maintain communications, you can
select another power setting as described in the box. However,
recommend using the lowest power level necessary to maintain
communication to both maximize battery life and minimize possible
interference to other stations.
If using a European version, press the center ridge of the
rubber pad on the left side (just below the PTT switch) to
a 1750-Hz Burst Tone to access repeaters that require it.
Transmitter Power Selection
To toggle between high and low power settings, press F/M/D
then 3 (LOW), and 3 again ("HIGH" or "LOW"
on display). With "LOW"
displayed, you can select one of three low power settings
LOW2 or LOW3) by rotating the DIAL or using the MHZ UP/A or
DOWN/B keys to select the desired power level (refer to the
below). The horizontal bargraph segments at the bottom of
display provide a visual reference of each power level setting
now and during transmit. Press the PTT or wait 3 seconds to
your selection and return to the frequency display.
Table showing display and power levels at 3 battery levels:
VDC, @7.2 VDC, and @9.6 VDC:
LOW 1: 0.3 watts 450 mA for all 3 battery levels
LOW 2: 1.5 watts 950 mA; 1.5 watts 800 mA; 1.5 watts 800 mA
LOW 3: 1.5 watts 950 mA; 3 watts 1200 mA; 3 watts 1000 mA
HIGH: 1.5 watts 950 mA; 4 watts 1300 mA; 5 watts 1500 mA
* all power output and DC current values listed are approximate
The FT-11R offers three methods to set up split
transmit/receive operation for repeaters: manual, automatic
independently stored Tx/Rx frequencies. Both manual and automatic
methods shift the transmit frequency above or below the receive
frequency by a programmable offset, preset at the factory
kHz. Note that only one offset at a time can be used with
manual and automatic methods. Use the independent transmit
frequency method when you want to store other offsets, such
frequencies of repeaters with non-standard splits. This is
described later under Storing Independent Transmit Frequencies.
To activate the standard shift manually, just press F/M/D
6 (RPT) for minus shift, and press 6 again for plus shift,
again to return to simplex. A small "-" or "+"
sign appears near
the top center of the display to indicate the current shift
direction, when activated.
Example: To operate through a 146.34/146.94 MHz repeater
substitute another pair if this is not used in your area):
- Tune the display to 146.94 MHz (to receive on the output
- Press F/M/D then 6 once. A "-" should appear
at the top of the
display (if not, press 6 again until it does).
- When the channel is clear, press the PTT and send your
The display shifts to 146.34 MHz while you transmit.
Of course this example only works if the offset is set to
kHz, as supplied from the factory. You can change it as described
With repeater split activated, you can temporarily reverse
transmit and receive frequencies by pressing F/M/D then 9
Use this to display the transmit frequency without transmitting,
and to check the strength of signals on a repeater uplink
(to see if you can work them direct). The repeater shift sign
blinks while reverse split is selected. Press F/M/D then 9
return to the normal shift direction.
Setting Standard Repeater Offset
As just mentioned, repeater offset is preset to 600 kHz.
you need to change the offset, first read the following steps,
then try them:
- Press F/M/D then 0 (SET), then rotate the DIAL so that
appears in the memory box to display the current offset in
three decimal places ("0.600").
- Select the desired offset with the A or B buttons. Resolution
- Press the PTT to return to normal display.
You probably want to keep the repeater offset programmed
the most commonly used split in your area. If you're not sure
that is, leave it set to 600 kHz.
Avoid transmitting at high power (5W) for extended periods
time to prevent overheating the radio (especially during 9.6
operation). A sensor in the FT-11R monitors internal temperature
and automatically reduces transmit power to protect your radio
it gets too hot.
If this occurs, a blinking "LOW" indicator turns
on, and the
transceiver automatically switches to low power output. You
stop transmitting at this time and let the set cool down.
transmission will cause the protective feature to inhibit
transmitting completely until the transceiver has cooled down
Automatic Repeater Shift
The ARS (Automatic Repeater Shift) feature in the FT-11R
activates repeater offset automatically whenever you tune
standard repeater subband. With this feature enabled, a small
or "+" at the upper center of the display indicates
shift is active (without your having to activate repeater
manually), and closing the PTT changes to the (shifted) transmit
frequency. The subband range over which ARS operates is determined
by the version of your set, as shown below.
Automatic Repeater Shift - Repeater Subbands:
Version A: 145.1-145.5: -; 146.0-146.4: +; 146.6-147.0: -;
147.0-147.4: +; 147.6-148.0: -
Version B: 145.6-145.85: -
The ARS function is disabled at the factory. To enable it:
- Press F/M/D then 0 (SET), and rotate the DIAL as before
display the current repeater shift (offset).
- Now you can press F/M/D (alone) to toggle the ARS function
off ("A" displayed to the left of the offset when
- Press the PTT switch to return the display to the operating
As already mentioned, you can use the manual shift method
(F/M/D then 6) at any time to select a new shift state, whether
is activated or not. However, if you change frequency with
activated, manual repeater shift selections are canceled.
Simple Memory Storage
The FT-11R offers 151 programmable memory channels, labeled
through 146, L 1, L2, U1, U2 and C. Each can store separate
receive and transmit frequencies or repeater shift, and CTCSS
data (if the FTS-26 option is installed). Memory "C"
channel memory) can be recalled instantly by the button at
and the L & U memories can be used in pairs to store
tuning and scanning limits, described later, in addition to
To store a frequency in memory:
- Select the desired frequency (and repeater split manually,
desired) in the VFO mode as already described.
- Press and hold F/M/D for «-second (until a second
A memory number or letter appears blinking in the memory box.
- Within five seconds of F/M/D, turn the DIAL or press A or
select the desired memory for storage. If you select one that
already being used, it will be overwritten with new data in
- Press F/M/D once more momentarily to store the displayed
into the selected memory. The memory label will stop blinking
a second, and then disappear as operation continues in the
If you timed out, nothing new will have been stored in the
memory. Simply start again.
Example: Store the 146.34/146.94 repeater data in memory
- First perform the steps in the example on page 18 to set
desired frequency and offset on the VFO.
- Press and hold F/M/D for «-second to display the memory
(blinking) in the memory box, then do the next step within
- Turn the DIAL or press the A or B keys, if necessary, so
(the memory number to store) blinks in the memory box.
- Press F/M/D again, momentarily. That's it. The VFO data
stored in memory 5, and you are left operating on the VFO.
To confirm that this worked, turn the DIAL to change the
frequency (to anything new), then press * to change from VFO
memory mode. The numeral 5 should appear in the memory box,
146.940 (the receive frequency) should appear on the display.
mentioned before, you can press F/M/D then 9 (REV) to confirm
transmit frequency of 146.34 MHz.
You can use any memory (except C, the CALL channel) with
same result. Memory C requires a slightly different procedure.
Notice that pressing * (MR) from the VFO mode always recalls
last stored or used memory.
In confirming the results of the last example, we used *
to change from the VFO mode to the memories after they were
The memory label appears in the memory box at the upper left
of the frequency display whenever operating on a memory.
When more than one memory has been stored, you can select
memory for operation with either the selector knob, the A
keys, or by direct keypad access. If you use the arrow keys
B), press and release the key for each memory: if you hold
down for «-second, memory scanning will start. In any
pre-stored memories are displayed: empty memories are skipped.
direct keypad access, simply enter the number of the memory
you want, followed by the * (MR) key.
Example: to access memory channel 15, simply press 1 then
Note: for memory channels 100-151, you only need to enter
memory number (* key is not needed).
To exit the memories and return to the last-used VFO, press
Call Channel Memory
Although invisible to the memory recall methods just
described, the CALL channel memory can be instantly recalled
CALL button: "C" appears in the memory box. The
for the CALL channel memory is the bottom edge of the band.
re-program it with any frequency and repeater state, or even
separate transmit frequency.
To store the current VFO frequency/repeater state in the
channel memory, hold F/M/D for «-second to display something
memory box, then press CALL. To store a separate transmit
in the CALL channel, after storing the receive frequency,
VFO to the transmit frequency and repeat the above, but this
holding the PTT switch while you press CALL.
Storing Independent Transmit Frequencies
All memories can store an independent transmit frequency,
operation on repeaters with non-standard shift. To do this:
- Store the receive frequency using the method already described
under Simple Memory Storage (it doesn't matter if a repeater
- Tune to the desired transmit frequency.
- Press and hold F/M/D for «-second to display a label
memory box again.
- Press and hold the PTT switch while pressing F/M/D once
momentarily (this does not key the transmitter).
Whenever you recall a separate transmit frequency memory,
+" appear together near the top center of the display.
can press F/M/D then 9 (REV) to display the transmit frequency,
the shift symbols will blink. You can also press F/M/D then
to cancel repeater shift (temporarily, until you change channels).
After storing a memory with a separate transmit frequency,
you rewrite the receive frequency in that memory, the separate
transmit frequency is deleted.
While receiving on a recalled memory, you can re-tune it
change other memorized settings (such as repeater shift) by
pressing * (MR). An "MT" symbol appears under the
memory box, and
you can tune in the same ways as described before (including
steps). You can store the new frequency and settings in the
current, or another, memory. Just press and hold F/M/D for
«-second, select the new memory (if desired), and press
momentarily. Operation remains on the (new) memory as the
memory reverts to its original state.
Once you have re-tuned a memory, if you don't want to save
your changes, just press * to return to the original memory
As already mentioned, storing data into a memory overwrites
previously stored data. However, if you regularly move from
area to another, you may want to use different memories in
different places or at different times. With the FT-11R, you
choose to make available different sets of memories without
to rewrite them from scratch. This is done by masking certain
memories so that they are hidden from operation, and unmasking
only when desired.
To mask a memory,
- Recall the memory to be masked.
- Press and hold F/M/D for «-second (until the memory
- Press * (MR). The display changes to the next lower (stored)
memory, and the previously selected memory is no longer selectable
manually, or by scanning (described later).
To unmask a hidden memory for operation,
- Recall any memory.
- Press and hold F/M/D for «-second (until the memory
- With the DIAL knob or UP/A or DOWN/B, select the memory
- Press * (MR/SKIP) (not F/M/D!).
When you have hidden some memories, be careful not to
overwrite them accidentally. If you do, you will not be able
recover the previous contents.
The FT-11R allows you to assign alpha-numeric (A/N) names
to 6 characters long to the memories, and have those memories
displayed by name rather than frequency. You can use this
identify channels by the names of friends, locations, ham
repeater call signs. Memories that have not been named are
displayed as usual, so you can mix and select the way memories
displayed. A choice of 48 different characters is available,
12 special-purpose symbols that can be used to customize your
tags (see below).
Before using the A/N feature, however, there are a few
important points to know:
- The transceiver must first be put into the A/N Mode before
memories can be named. The programming steps explained later
not work outside of the A/N mode.
- The number of memories available for storage is reduced
to 76 (1-71, L1 & U1, L2 & U2 and C).
- When switching to the A/N mode, any previous stored memories
be lost! Therefore, if you plan to use the A/N feature, before
programming many memory channels in the normal mode, we recommend
you "start from scratch" programming your memories
from within the
Alphanumeric Character Set:
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S
T U V W
X Y Z blank ( ) + - = * / delta mu sigma :
To place the FT-11R in the A/N mode, turn the transceiver
then press and hold the * and # keys together while turning
radio on again. The display and indicators appear as before,
however, you will notice that when selecting and storing memories,
only half as many are now available.
Channel Memory Organization
Channels 1-146: Normal Operation - These memories store
frequency/operational settings - can be masked from viewing
selection, and also tagged to be skipped during scanning.
A/N Operation: All memories can be indexed with a 6-character
name. Memory capacity is reduced by half, (Channels 1-71),
selection and settings remain the same.
L1, L2, U1, U2: Normal Operation - Same as 1-146, but can
in pairs to set upper & lower limits for PMS and Memory
A/N Operation - Same as 1-71, but can be used in pairs to
& lower limits for PMS and Memory Tuning.
C: Instant-recall CALL ch (normal or A/N operation).
After programming frequency and operating settings into
memory, you can assign it a name.
- First recall the memory you wish to name.
- Press and hold F/M/D for « second, then release it
and press MSG.
At this point the display should appear as below, with the
in the memory box blinking. [picture of display, with 6 spaces
- Rotate the DIAL. A character immediately appears blinking
left-most place of the display. Continue rotating the knob
the desired letter (number or symbol) for the first place
- Next press CALL, this enters your selection in the first
character's place, and moves to the next place to the right
place remains blank until you rotate the DIAL, as before).
- Repeat the last two steps to enter characters into the
- When finished, press MSG to write the name to the memory.
Operation remains on the memory. If you make a mistake when
entering characters, start over from the beginning.
When naming memories, note that blank spaces can be entered
place of characters, and names do not have to begin at the
(left-most) character's place. To leave the A/N mode (and
memorized settings!), perform the power on routine described
beginning of this section (- * # and POWER).
Tuning Named Memories
Named memories can be tuned just like unnamed memories (*
DIAL or A/B). The display automatically reverts to the operating
frequency until memory tuning is cancelled.
To change a named memory back to frequency-display only,
recall the memory, press F/M/D for « second or longer,
the MSG button twice. However, this operation erases the A/N
completely, so it must be entered again.
Before scanning, make sure the squelch is set to silence
background noise. You start scanning by holding A or B for
«-second. If the transceiver is in the VFO or memory
band scanning will result. Otherwise, in normal memory mode,
the memories are scanned.
The scanner pauses when a signal opens the squelch, and
decimal point in the display blinks. When band scanning, a
beep sounds each time the scanner reaches the band
edge, unless you have disabled the beeper (F/M/D then 2 then
then 2). Scanning resumes according to how you set the scan
mode, described in the box on the next page.
You can stop the scanner manually by pressing the PTT switch,
or A / B keys, which will leave operation on the current frequency.
Scanning is also halted by * or #, but operation shifts to
respective new frequency, in these cases.
Memory Skip Scanning
When you have some very active channels stored in memories,
you may wish to skip them when scanning, but still have them
available for manual selection. You can mark a memory to be
by pressing F/M/D then * (MR/SKIP) while receiving on the
"SKIP" appears just beneath the memory box indicating
memory will be skipped during scanning (although you can still
recall it manually).
To cancel scan-skip and allow the memory to be scanned,
repeat the steps used to disable it: select the memory manually,
and press F/M/D then * (MR/SKIP).
Scan Resume Mode Selection
You have a choice of two scan-resume modes: either Pause
mode, in which the scanner pauses for as long as the carrier
the squelch open; or the 5-second mode, in which the scanner
for five seconds and then resumes scanning whether the signal
still present or not. The 5-second mode is the factory default.
To display the scan-resume mode, press F/M/D then 7 (STEP),
small "P" or "5" appears in the memory
box to indicate the
currently selected mode. Press F/M/D again to toggle the mode,
the PTT to return to the normal display.
Programmable Subband (PMS) Limits
Besides band and memory scanning, the FT-11R can be set
tune or scan only between two frequencies of your choice (with
selected channel steps). The limits are stored in two pairs
special memories labeled L1 & U1 and L2 & U2:
- Store the lower edge of the desired scanning range in memory
and the upper edge in memory U1 (or L2 & U2).
- With either of the memories recalled, press * (MR/SKIP)
memory tuning ("MT" must be visible below the memory
Your tuning and scanning range is now limited to the resulting
subband. If ARS or manual repeater shift is activated, the
is applied automatically when you transmit (even if the resulting
transmit frequency is outside the subband limits). Memories
L2 & U2
work together the same way.
Note: The frequency resolution of subband limits is 100 kHz,
although the channel resolution of the L & U memories
selected channel step size. Therefore, the actual limits are
frequencies stored in these memories rounded down to the nearest
100 kHz. Since the memories themselves are not limited to
specific frequency, you can still use them for other purposes
anywhere within the 100-kHz range above the intended limit.
Example: To limit reception to 145.0-145.9 MHz:
- Tune a VFO to any channel between 145.000 and 145.095 MHz.
- Hold F/M/D for «-second, tune the DIAL so that the
memory channel (let's use L1 in this example) appears in the
box, and then press F/M/D again momentarily. The displayed
frequency is now stored to provide a lower subband limit of
- Re-tune the VFO to any channel between 145.900 and 145.995
- Repeat the second step, selecting U1 in the memory box.
stores the effective upper PMS limit of 145.900 MHz.
- Press * (MR/SKIP) to change to memory operation, and then
to activate the 145.000-145.900 limits. Tuning and scanning
accomplished in the usual way.
Note that with PMS, as with regular band scanning, a double
beep sounds each time the scanner reaches the subband edge,
you have disabled the beeper (page 16).
To release subband limits press * (MR/SKIP) to return to
memory operation, # (VFO/PRI) to return to a VFO, or CALL
to the CALL channel.
Once the L & U memory pairs are stored, you can reactivate
scanning and tuning just by recalling any PMS memory and pressing
* again. However, you cannot activate the subband if one memory
either PMS memory-pair is marked for skip-scanning, or masked
Priority Channel Monitoring
The priority function automatically checks for activity
memory every five seconds while operating on a VFO or other
memories. When the receiver detects a signal on the priority
memory, operation automatically shifts to that memory while
signal is present (plus a few seconds). If you transmit while
paused on the priority memory, priority monitoring ceases
operation stays on the priority memory.
To set up priority monitoring:
- Pre-set the squelch, and store the frequency to be monitored
a memory (this must be memory 1 if you will be operating on
memories during priority monitoring).
- Press # (VFO/PRI) to operate in the VFO mode, or else select
memory you want to operate on, and then press F/M/D then #.
A "P" appears in the memory box, and about every
the displayed frequency shifts to the priority memory briefly
the receiver checks for a signal.
As long as no signal appears on the priority memory to open
the squelch, you can tune, transmit and receive on the VFO,
select other memories (memory labels are displayed only while
changing). If you hear a station you wish to talk with on
priority memory, press the PTT momentarily while receiving
signal, to stop priority checking. Otherwise, when a signal
on the priority memory, priority checking pauses and the decimal
the display blinks. Priority monitoring will resume according
how you set the scan-resume mode either after a 5-second pause,
after the carrier drops. To cancel priority monitoring manually,
press # (VFO/PRI).
Note that you can use any memory (besides memory 1) as a
priority channel in the above procedure when you are going
operating in VFO mode. You cannot, however, switch VFOs, or
memory and VFO operation (because pressing * (MR/SKIP) or
(VFO/PRI) cancels priority monitoring).
You can use this feature when you need very simple operation:
only stored memories can be selected, and are displayed as
2,...", instead of the channel frequency or name display.
Indicators for settings like repeater shift and tone squelch
still displayed, although they cannot be changed. In fact,
alternate functions of all numbered keys are disabled. Only
settings listed below can be changed as described.
- Hi/Low TX Power: use CALL to toggle
- Volume & squelch: same as before
- Channel Selection: DIAL or A/Up, B/Down keys
- Paging Messages: use MSG key to activate
After programming memories, you can toggle memory-only
operation on and off by turning the radio off, then holding
(MR/SKIP) & F/M/D buttons while powering on again.
Locking the Controls
The PTT, keypad buttons, DIAL and volume level can each
"locked" (disabled), to prevent inadvertent transmissions
adjustments. You will find PL, KL, DL or possibly VL displayed
singly, or in combination at the bottom center when any of
are locked. The locking switch is located just above the VOL/SQL
up/down keys, and is labeled "LOCK". Slide the lever
upward to lock
and downward to unlock.
To set the locking scheme, press F/M/D then 0 (SET), then
rotate the DIAL to select address "5" (displayed
in the memory box)
and so that "LOCK" appears in the display center.
To select which
functions to lock, press A/UP repeatedly for PTT lock (PL),
lock (KL) or both; or press B/DOWN for DIAL (DL), volume level
or both. Finally, press the PTT momentarily to save your new
setting and return the display to normal.
Lamp Illumination Settings
Pressing the LAMP switch beneath the rubber cover (underneath
the PTT switch) momentarily illuminates the LCD and keypad
approximately 5 seconds, after which it turns off automatically.
If you want to change this to continuous (press-on/press-off)
illumination, simply press F/M/D before toggling the LAMP
When inserting the FT-11R into the PA-10 Mobile Power Adapter,
the lamp turns on automatically, illuminating the transceiver
easy viewing when driving at night.
This factory default setting can be changed to manual
illumination by pressing F/M/D then 0, rotating the DIAL for
address "3" ("LMP.AUT"), then pressing
either A/UP or B/DOWN to
toggle from automatic to manual illumination ("LMP.MAN").
PTT to save the change.
CTCSS Operation (with FTS-26)
The FT-11R can be used to access repeaters that require
CTCSS (continuous, subaudible) tone, and to silently monitor
calls on busy channels, when the optional FTS-26 CTCSS Unit
installed. The encode ("T") function superimposes
a subaudible tone
(at a frequency too low to be heard) on the transmitted carrier.
The decode ("TSQ"--tone squelch) function monitors
through a narrow filter at the same subaudible frequency,
the squelch closed until you receive a matching tone. Installation
instructions are at the end of the manual.
To check or set the current CTCSS tone frequency, press
then 2 (TSET) to see the tone frequency displayed in Hz. To
the selected tone, turn the DIAL or press A/UP or B/DOWN until
display shows the tone frequency you require (the display
through the standard EIA tones, listed in the table at the
Press 2 again alone to return to the operating frequency display.
To activate CTCSS functions, press F/M/D then 1 (TONE) when
the operating frequency is displayed. With one press, "T"
appears at the top of the display and the tone generator is
activated for transmission. Press F/M/D then 1 again (or just
the alternate key functions are still active) and both "T"
(decode) will be displayed together as the tone squelch system
activated for both transmit and receive (only incoming signals
"encoded" with the matching tone open the squelch).
To turn off the
tone squelch features, press F/M/D then 1 once more.
You can store CTCSS tones (and encode/decode states) in
memory in the same manner (and at the same time) as storing
frequencies. To change the tone or state stored in a memory,
recall it, reset the tone frequency or function, and store
(press and hold F/M/D for «-second, release it, and
press it again
momentarily). If you activate CTCSS on a subband limit memory,
will be active when that memory is used to start subband operation.
CTCSS Tone Frequencies (Hz)
67.0; 69.3; 71.9; 77.0; 79.7; 82.5; 85.4; 88.5; 91.5; 94.8;
97.4; 100.0; 103.5; 107.2; 110.9; 114.8; 118.8; 123.0; 127.3;
131.8; 136.5; 141.3; 146.2; 151.4; 156.7; 162.2; 167.9; 173.8;
179.9; 186.2; 192.8; 203.5; 210.7; 218.1; 225.7; 233.6; 241.8;
"CTCSS Bell" Paging
CTCSS Bell operation is an extension of the CTCSS
encode/decode function described above: incoming subaudible
open the squelch. However, it adds two features to make this
semi-private operation more convenient:
(1) The CTCSS Bell mode displays [an icon of a ringing bell]
right of the display. When you receive a matching CTCSS tone
bell blinks for a few moments to indicate you received a call.
by looking at the display you can tell if a call came in.
cannot tell, however, who called. That requires DTMF Paging,
(2) If you are waiting for a call, it is sometimes convenient
have the transceiver ring to get your attention. The alert
can be set to ring once, several times or can be disabled
completely (see page 49).
To activate the CTCSS Bell:
- Tune to the desired frequency.
- Select a CTCSS tone frequency (F/M/D then 2) as described
previous page, if you have not already.
- Activate tone squelch encode / decode operation ("T
- Press C (PAGE/CODE) three times to select the CTCSS Bell
This cycles through the following paging mode/displays:
- DTMF paging ("PAGE" displayed below the center
of the display,
and an icon of an expanding sound wave near the upper right
ringer is enabled),
- DTMF "Trigger" Pager ("T.PAGE" displayed,
along with the sound
wave icon near the upper right, as above.
- DTMF tone-coded squelch ("CODE" displayed at the
- CTCSS Bell paging (bell icon displayed if the FTS-26 is
installed, and sound wave icon near the upper right if the
is enabled), and
- No paging (none of the above symbols).
Now all incoming calls without a matching CTCSS tone will
ignored by your receiver. Any call received with the matching
CTCSS tone will cause the bell icon to blink for 5 seconds
transceiver to ring (if the ringer is enabled) as the squelch
while the caller transmits. Note that other stations do not
be using the CTCSS Bell function to call you: they can use
CTCSS functions of their transceiver.
When you reply to a CTCSS Bell call, you may want to turn
the CTCSS Bell function, since otherwise the transceiver will
every time your squelch opens (unless, of course, you have
the ringer). Just press C (PAGE/CODE) once to turn it off.
have set up normal tone squelch operation beforehand, you
able to continue your QSO.
You cannot store the CTCSS Bell mode selection in a memory,
although you can store different CTCSS tones and encode/decode
DTMF Paging & Code Squelch
The FT-11R includes a DTMF (Dual-Tone, Multi-Frequency)
encoder/decoder and a dedicated microprocessor providing paging
selective calling features. This allows you to place a call
specific station or group, and to receive calls directed only
you or to groups of your choice.
The paging and code squelch systems use 3-digit numeric
(000-999), transmitted as DTMF (dual, audible) tone pairs.
are twelve Code Memories numbered 1-9, 0, P and C, which store
3-digit DTMF paging codes (these are independent and unrelated
the channel memories and the VFOs).
Basically, your receiver remains silent until it receives
three DTMF digits that match those stored in one of its code
memories. The squelch then opens so the caller is heard, and
paging mode, the paging ringer immediately sounds (see page
When you close the PTT to transmit, the same three pre-stored
code digits are transmitted automatically. In the paging mode,
three more DTMF digits are sent, representing the 3-digit
identification code of the transmitting station.
Like the CTCSS Bell system described previously, the DTMF
paging and code squelch systems are selected by pressing C
(PAGE/CODE). Either "PAGE", "T.PAGE" or
"CODE" appears on the
display when DTMF paging, trigger paging or code squelch is
activated, respectively. The following descriptions begin
overview of the various DTMF selective calling features, followed
by details of actual operation.
DTMF Code Squelch
The code squelch mode is very simple: both you and the other
station communicate using the same 3-digit DTMF sequence,
automatically at the start of every transmission. Your receiver
normally remains silent to all signals that are not prefixed
your selected 3-digit code. When you receive the matching
sequence, your squelch opens and stays open until a few seconds
after the end of their transmission.
In the code squelch mode, you must first store and then
manually select the one Code Memory holding the 3-digit DTMF
required to open your squelch (as described on the following
pages). Also, in the code squelch mode, Code Memories 1-9
always function the same--the distinctions and special settings
described below for the paging mode do not apply.
In the DTMF paging mode, you can receive signals that are
prefixed with any of up to ten different 3-digit codes, according
to the method you choose when programming the Code Memories.
you receive a paging call, the selected Code Memory changes
automatically, and the display responds in one of two ways,
depending on how you stored the paging code:
These are unique personal ID codes to identify each station.
You store one of these for your Personal ID, in Code Memory
can store one other Individual Code of a station you call
Code Memory 1. When someone else transmits your Individual
your transceiver automatically selects Code Memory C, and
calling station's Individual Code is installed in that Code
so you can see who called.
DTMF Code Memories
[table listing channel, and 3-digit DTMF Codes]
1; individual ID code of friend or frequently-called station
2-9; Group ID codes stored here
0; Your Group ID code stored here
C*; Automatically shows ID code of paging station--Rx only,
be written to
P*; Your personal ID code goes here
*memory cannot be selected for page-code inhibit
Group Codes (Code Memories 2-9)
This type of code identifies a group of stations. You would
generally share a Group Code with other club members or friends.
When you receive a call with a Group Code the Code Memory
which you stored that 3-digit Group Code is selected and displayed
automatically, so you can see which group has been called
have stored more than one).
Note that for a Group Code, the display does not show the
and code of the caller, but those of the group instead. Code
Memories 2-9 can be used to store either Individual Codes
calling purposes only) or Group Codes (for both calling and
receiving), as you desire.
With either type of page, the PAGE indicator starts blinking
when a page is received, and the ringer sounds, if enabled.
blinking indicator lets you know if someone called while your
attention was elsewhere.
Remember, with code squelch operation (but not with paging),
you can only receive a call on the currently selected Code
and the display does not change when a call is received. So
code squelch, as mentioned before, the Individual/Group distinction
does not apply (although you must still store the 3-digit
In either code squelch or paging modes, any DTMF-equipped
station can call you. They can use a DTMF keypad to send the
digits if you are in code squelch mode, or seven digits
(actually, three digits--"star"--three digits, e.g.:
1 2 3 * 4 5 6)
if you are in paging mode.
DTMF Code Monitoring
Whenever a 3-digit DTMF code is received while either code
squelch or DTMF paging is active, the code is automatically
into Code Memory C. By selecting this Code Memory as described
below, you can determine what DTMF code was last heard, whether
not it opened your squelch.
Storing Code Memories
The first thing to do before using the paging or code squelch
systems is to store your Personal Code in Code Memory P:
- Press F/M/D then C (PAGE/CODE) to enable the Code setting
The frequency display is replaced by a Code Memory number
left, and the corresponding 3-digit Code ("000",
if not used
before) at the right.
- Turn the DIAL to select Code Memory P, which is for your
DTMF paging ID Code.
- Use the numeric keys to enter the three digits you want
for your ID.
- Press C (PAGE/CODE) or the PTT to return the display to
Your Personal ID Code is now stored in Code Memory P. You
use the same procedure to store the Memory Codes of other
individuals or groups in Code Memories 1-9 and 0, but with
additional feature: generally you store another station's
so you can page them, but do not want to have your transceiver
ringing every time someone else calls them. On the other hand,
store group codes with the intention of receiving any pages
group (so you want your squelch to open and the transceiver
ring, if paging). You can prevent your transceiver from ringing
using Page Code Inhibit, described next.
Page Code Inhibit
During the Code Memory storage procedure above, when storing
Code Memories 1-9 and 0, you have an opportunity to decide
your transceiver should respond to incoming paging calls on
particular Memory Code. After pressing F/M/D then C (PAGE/CODE)
activate Code setting you can press F/M/D to toggle DTMF squelch
paging capability on and off. When on, that is, when the decoder
enabled to receive paging calls with this Code Memory, a small
underbar appears beneath the Code Memory digit.
If you are setting a Group Code, you want to have the underbar
on, and if setting another station's Individual Code, you
off. As already mentioned, this distinction does not apply
code-squelch-only (non-paging) operation--the underbar has
Note that the underbar is displayed permanently on Code
P, since this is your own ID (that you will always want to
when paging is activated). Also, the underbar never appears
Memory C, since this is reserved for the display of incoming
Once you have stored your own ID Code in Code Memory P,
can activate the paging or code squelch functions from the
frequency display by pressing C (PAGE/CODE). As mentioned
in the CTCSS Bell procedure, repeatedly pressing this key
through DTMF paging ("PAGE" displayed), trigger
code squelch ("CODE"), CTCSS Bell paging (bell icon
no paging (none of these symbols).
DTMF Code Squelch Operation
As described earlier, with DTMF code squelch activated ("CODE"
displayed), your squelch will not open until you receive the
3-digit DTMF code according to the selected code memory. Likewise,
each time you press the PTT, the same 3-digit code is automatically
sent to open the other station's DTMF coded squelch.
Replying to a DTMF Page, and Resetting
Any DTMF-equipped station can call you by sending your 3-digit
code, followed by their 3-digit ID Code. Your transceiver
(unless you have turned off the ringer, as described in the
page 49), "PAGE" starts blinking, and the code of
station (now in code memory C) is displayed.
If you press your PTT switch after receiving a page, the
transceiver sends the other station's ID code, a DTMF "star"
followed by your own 3-digit personal ID code (that is, Code
P) all automatically, and then resets the radio to receive
DTMF Code Display Options
Normally, the Code Memory number is displayed in place of
100's-of'MHz frequency digit whenever DTMF Code Squelch, DTMF
Paging, or Trigger Paging is enabled (the rest of the frequency
digits remain as before).
Also the A/UP and B/DOWN keys rapidly select Code Memories,
instead of tuning or scanning (DIAL operation remains unchanged).
If you want to scan while in these modes, you may prefer
enable the alternate Code Memory display feature, which displays
DTMF Codes only after pressing F/M/D then C (PAGE/CODE), or
receiving a page.
To toggle this alternate Code Memory display option on/off,
press F/M/D then 0 (SET), rotate the DIAL knob so that "4"
in the memory box and "OP.ON" appears in the display
press either A/UP or B/DOWN to toggle the optional Code Display
"ON" or "OFF", and press the PTT to return
to the normal display.
Unless you are using the Trigger Paging function (covered
next), you may want to switch from paging to code squelch
contact is established. Just press C (PAGE/CODE) once, so
"CODE" appears. Either you or the other station
will also have to
select Code Memory C, so that you will both be using the same
code (either, but not both, must re-select their Code Memory).
the Code Squelch activated in this manner, you will hear three
code digits transmitted when you press your PTT switch. These
the digits stored in the Code Memory currently selected (and
displayed in place of the 100's-of-MHz digit if the Code Memory
Display option is enabled), and they will open the squelch
other station. Therefore, at the start of each transmission,
must wait a second or two after pressing the PTT switch for
DTMF code to be sent (you will hear it in your speaker).
When you finish your conversation, if you need to reactivate
DTMF Code Paging, press C (PAGE/CODE) three times until "PAGE"
Paging Tx Delay
When calling other stations using DTMF Paging or Code Squelch,
particularly through repeaters, you may find that some are
to receive your calls. This can be caused by their receiver
squelch not opening fast enough (after receiving your transmitted
carrier) to allow all of the DTMF digits to be received and
decoded. To correct this problem, you can set a longer delay
ms) between the time your transmitter is keyed and the time
first DTMF digit is sent.
Press F/M/D then 0 (SET), then rotate the DIAL to select
"PDL.450" ("1" in the memory box). Press
A/UP or B/DOWN to toggle
from the default delay (450 ms) to "750" ms.
This feature is designed to overcome the in convenience
having to manually switch to and from Code Squelch mode when
responding to a page. It can only be used between transceivers
equipped with this feature: such as the Yaesu FT-11R/41R,
To activate Trigger Paging, press C (PAGE/CODE) repeatedly
until "T.PAGE" is displayed. When a call is received,
blinks, and the alert ringer
sounds. If the other station is also using the Trigger Paging,
communications can begin just by acknowledging the page: press
PTT and begin talking within three seconds after the DTMF
sequence is sent. The pager resets to receive a new call as
either station fails to respond to the other within three
Paging "Answer Back"
When you press the PTT to respond to a page call, the FT-11R
transmits the caller's ID code, followed by a DTMF "*"
personal ID code. This informs the calling station that their
was received. If you prefer, you can have the FT-11R respond
page calls automatically ("transpond"). Use this
combination with Trigger Paging for virtually "hands-free"
automatic paging operation (a received page is automatically
answered and the squelch opened for immediate voice communication).
- To enable this feature, press F/M/D then 0 (SET), rotate
until "8" appears in the memory box and "AB.OFF"
in the center of the display.
- Press A/UP or B/DOWN to toggle the answer-back function
("AB.ON"), and the PTT to return to the channel
This feature allows you to send and receive text messages
to six characters long. Two separate 10-channel memory banks
used for message storage: one for received messages and the
for outgoing messages programmed using the FT-11R's alphanumeric
Storing Messages to Send
- Press and hold the MSG button for « second so that
appears as below ("MSG" indicator blinks at the
bottom of the
- Rotate the DIAL knob to select a message memory to program
(number indicated in the memory box), then hold F/M/D for
(now both "MSG" and the memory box numeral blink).
- Rotate the DIAL to select the first character of the message
press CALL to save the entry and move to the next place.
- Repeat the previous step until your message is completed.
make a mistake entering a character, finish the rest of the
message, then press the CALL button to step to the incorrect
character, and enter the correction.
- When your desired message is displayed, press MSG to save
entry. You can now use the DIAL to select another memory for
message entry, or press MSG once more to finish.
Sending Pre-stored Pager Messages
Once a message has been stored, it can be sent using DTMF
Paging or Trigger Paging:
- Press C (PAGE/CODE) until the desired paging mode (Paging
Trigger Paging) is activated, and select the Code memory of
station that is to receive the message.
- Press and hold the PTT while also pressing MSG, followed
number of the memory containing the message you want to send.
text of your message is displayed as it is sent.
FT-11R Alphanumeric Character Set [a table showing how to
each character of the set, using combinations of keys]
0-9; press appropriate touchtone key
A; 2 then A/UP
B; 2 then B/DOWN
C; 2 then C (PAGE/CODE)
D; 3 then A
E; 3 then B
F; 3 then C
G; 4 then A
H; 4 then B
I; 4 then C
J; 5 then A
K; 5 then B
L; 5 then C
M; 6 then A
N; 6 then B
O; 6 then C
P; 7 then A
Q; 1 then A
R; 7 then B
S; 7 then C
T; 8 then A
U; 8 then B
V; 8 then C
W; 9 then A
X; 9 then B
Y; 9 then C
Z; 1 then B
(; 0 then A
); 0 then B
+; 0 then C
SPACE; 1 then C
-; 1 then D
=; 2 then D
*; 3 then D
/; 4 then D
delta; 5 then D
mu; 6 then D
sigma; 7 then D
:; 8 then D
note: 0 then D, and 9 then D, are not applicable.
Sending Pager Messages Manually
If you do not have a particular message in memory (or the
to store it), you can send it manually by using button
combinations. Message format consists of a DTMF "#"
followed by up
to six message characters, ending with an additional "#".
sending a pre-stored message, the "#"s are automatically
by the FT-11R's CPU. When sending messages manually, however,
remember to include these.
Unlike DTMF numerals, which are entered with a single key,
letters of the alphabet and other symbols each require a two-button
key sequence. For example, generating the letter "P"
manually entering 7 then A. So as you can see, sending messages
manually takes a little practice and limber fingers. The table
the previous page shows the key sequences required to generate
- Press C (PAGE/CODE) until the desired paging mode (Paging
Trigger Paging) is activated, and select the Code memory of
station that is to receive the message.
- Press and hold the PTT during all of the following: wait
seconds for the paging ID codes to be sent, then press #,
by your message, then "#" again before releasing
Receiving a Pager Message
To receive a message, your FT-11R must have either Paging
Trigger Paging activated along with the message function.
F/M/D then MSG to activate the message function ("MSG"
After receiving paging ID codes, the message is displayed
automatically stored in an incoming message bank (separate
outgoing-message bank). Up to ten messages are sequentially
in the receive message bank channels 1-9 and 0, in the order
Likewise, messages subsequently received overwrite these
first-in, first-out order, unless you have "single storage"
selected (see the box on the next page).
To recall received messages from the memories, simply press
the MSG button, then rotate the DIAL to select (and view)
To erase all pager messages, turn the transceiver off, then
press and hold the MSG button while turning the power on again.
Message Bank Storage Mode
Received Paging messages normally overwrite the message
memories once the ten memories are full. If you want to keep
from being overwritten, you can change the message storing
- Press F/M/D then 0 (SET), then select address "9",
"MB.CNT" (the "continuous" default) is
- Use A/UP or B/DOWN to toggle between continuous or single
- Press the PTT to save the change and finish.
Received messages are displayed as before, but now only
first ten will be stored in the message bank.
Message Display Options
Incoming Pager messages normally appear on the display as
are received. To have the display remain unchanged, so messages
can only be recalled and displayed manually, change this default
setting as follows:
- Press F/M/D then 0 (SET), turn the DIAL until address "7",
"MD.AUT" (default) appears in the display.
- Use A/UP or B/DOWN to toggle between automatic and manual
("MD.MAN") message display.
- Press the PTT to save the change and return the display
Now, when a message is received, you can manually view it
pressing MSG, then turning the DIAL to select the desired
DTMF Auto-dial Memories
The FT-11R provides ten memories, numbered 0 through 9,
storing DTMF tone sequences of up to 15 digits each (see below).
These can be used for remote DTMF control sequences or telephone
numbers for auto-patching systems.
A special mode must be activated to use the DTMF auto-dial
memory features. This mode is toggled on and off by pressing
then CALL. A telephone icon is displayed above the rightmost
frequency digit when this mode is active.
To store a DTMF memory:
- Press F/M/D then CALL, if necessary, to display the telephone
- Press and hold F/M/D for «-second (until the second
then within 5 seconds, press a numbered key corresponding
DTMF auto-dial memory number you want to store (or use the
A/B keys). The display will resemble that shown below.
DTMF Auto-dial Memories
[a useless table, which really shows that you can have memories
0-9, and each can have up to 15 DTMF Digit Codes]
Auto-dial Memory Display
[picture of display showing where DTMF Memory number, and
stored in that memory, are displayed on screen.]
- Press and hold F/M/D again for «-second (telephone
icon begins to
blink), and then key in the numbers of the DTMF sequence you
to store. As you do so, the serial digit place at the left
the display increments automatically as the entered digit
displayed at the right.
Note: when entering new DTMF codes, the serial digit number
display will be that of the next digit to be stored - not
serial number of the digit displayed at the right!
If you make a mistake, press the PTT switch to cancel your
entries, and repeat the last step (all digits must be re-entered).
Remember: the telephone icon must be blinking before you can
- If you are storing fewer than 15 digits, press CALL to terminate
entry (if you are storing 15 digits, entry terminates automatically
after the last digit).
- Turn the DIAL to select another DTMF memory to store, if
and repeat the last two steps.
- Press CALL to return to the frequency display.
You can manually check the contents of DTMF auto-dial memories
while the telephone icon is displayed:
- Hold F/M/D for «-second, then press any numbered
key (to change
the display to auto-dial memories).
- Turn the DIAL to select the desired auto-dial memory number
(shown in the memory box), then use the A / B keys to display
digit. The serial place of the digit appears in the center
display, and its DTMF code at the right.
- To replay the stored codes in the loudspeaker and on the
simply press the numbered key corresponding to the DTMF auto-dial
memory number stored.
To play back DTMF auto-dial memories on the air, first make
sure the DTMF memory mode is activated (the telephone icon
displayed). Then close the PTT switch and simply press the
of the auto-dial memory to transmit. Once the DTMF sequence
begun, you may release the PTT (the transmitter stays keyed
the auto-dial string has been sent).
With the DTMF auto-dialer active, the keypad cannot be used
transmit individual DTMF codes. If you do not have the required
DTMF sequence stored in memory, turn the auto-dial mode off
pressing F/M/D then CALL (the telephone icon turns off), then
manually press the keypad buttons for the desired DTMF codes.
Naming DTMF Auto-dial Memories
The FT-11R lets you assign a name (up to 6 characters) to
DTMF auto-dial memory, to be displayed when the memory is
This can help you to identify whose numbers you have stored.
same A/N character set and procedure used for naming regular
channels (page 26) is used for auto-dial memory naming.
- Activate the DTMF Autodial mode by pressing F/M/D then
necessary, to display the telephone icon).
- Press and hold F/M/D for «-second (until the second
Then press the numbered key corresponding to the desired DTMF
memory to be named.
- Press F/M/D then CALL to enter the A/N mode, then hold F/M/D
«-second. The number in the memory box starts blinking,
and you can
enter the A/N name (as shown below).
- Use the DIAL to select characters and the CALL button to
places. When finished with the last character, press MSG to
- When displaying DTMF auto-dial memories, the A/N mode can
toggled on/off by pressing F/M/D then CALL.
[graphic of what display then looks like]
Customizations: the Setting Mode
Pressing F/M/D then 0 (SET) activates the setting mode,
allows you to customize the performance of some functions
taste. In this mode, the Memory Box shows the "address"
selected function, from 1 to 13, and the frequency display
replaced with symbols to indicate the current function and
state. The functions are summarized in the table at the right,
described in more detail in the text at the indicated page.
the DIAL to step through each of the 13 functions, and press
or B/DOWN to change the state of the displayed function.
To exit the setting mode, press the PTT switch (no
transmission will occur). The display returns to normal.
[table showing Address, what shows on the Display, the Function,
and the Page of this manual that describes it in more detail]
1; PDL.450* 750; Paging Tx Delay (ms); 40
2; BELL 0 1 3 5*; Paging Bell # rings; 49
3; LMP.AUT* OFF; Lamp Oper. ext pwr; 32
4; OP.ON* OFF; One-touch Paging; 39
5; LOCK KL* DL PL VL; Lock Combinations; 32
6; 0.600*; Rptr. Offset, ARS; 21
7; MD.AUT* MAN; Message Display; 44
8; AB.OFF* ON; Answer-back Pager; 41
9; MD.CNT* SIN; Message Bank Storage; 44
10; MEL.INT* USR; Ringer Alert Melody; 51
11; DM.DT* BE; DTMF Playback mode; 49
12; BM.BE* DT; Keypad beeper mode; 49
13; D5.F* 5; DTMF5 Playback speed; 49
* factory default
To return all Set-Mode Function settings to factory-default
above), turn the transceiver off, then press and hold # while
turning it back on.
You can customize the ringer that alerts you to incoming
during CTCSS Bell and DTMF Paging operation. To change the
of rings (0=OFF, 1, 3 or 5):
- Press F/M/D then 0 (SET), and rotate the DIAL until "2"
in the memory box and "BELL 5" (default rings) in
- Press A/UP or B/DOWN for the desired number of rings, or
to disable the ringer completely.
- Press the PTT to save your entry and return the display
Following are a few alternate setting functions of the DTMF
keypad that you can customize to your own preference.
Musical or DTMF Keypad "Beep"
Normally, pushing a key sounds a single-tone musical note
the loudspeaker. If you prefer, you can change the default
beeps to DTMF tones by pressing F/M/D then 0 (SET), and rotating
the DIAL so that "12" appears in the memory box
("BM.BE" in the
display center). Then press A/UP or B/DOWN once ("BM.DT")
PTT to save your entry and return the display to normal.
DTMF Memory Playback
Like the keypad beep selection above, the tones stored in
DTMF auto-dialer memories can be played back using single-tone
musical notes instead of DTMF tones. You might want to select
musical notes if you are using memory 0 for the user-programmed
ringer alert melody. Note, however, that while this setting
effect, you cannot transmit the DTMF tones stored in auto-dial
To change the memory tones, press F/M/D then 0 (SET), turn
DIAL so that "11" appears in the memory box ("DM
.DT" in the
display center). Then turn the DIAL or press A/UP or B/DOWN
("DM. BE"). Press the PTT to save your entry and
return the display
DTMF & Melody Playback Speed
You can toggle the playback speed of DTMF Auto-dial Memories
(DTMF or musical beeps, if enabled). Note that this speed
affects all tone playback in the FT-11R: Auto-Dialer, Page
and all Ringer/Alerting Melodies..
The default tone duration is 50 msec., resulting in a playback
rate of about 11 digits per second (fast). This can be changed
80 msec. duration, giving a playback rate of 7.5 digits per
(slow). To change the DTMF playback speed;
Press F/M/D then 0, and rotate the DIAL so that "13"
displayed in the memory box and "D5.F" in the display
A/UP or B/DOWN once ("D5 .5") to toggle your selection,
the PTT to return the display to normal.
Volume & Squelch Control with the DIAL
If you prefer to use the DIAL to control volume and squelch
settings, hold the VOL/SQL UP and DOWN buttons while turning
transceiver on. Now, both the DIAL and VOL/SQL UP and DOWN
function the same, while VFO and memory tuning/scanning is
to the A/UP and B/DOWN buttons. For squelch adjustment, remember
to press F/M/D first. Repeat the power-on procedure to return
DIAL to default behavior.
Extended Receive Range
The receive range (only) of the FT-11R can be extended to
110-180 MHz by a simple power-on sequence. Transmit range
limited to the amateur bands only. This feature may not be
available on all versions, as reception outside of amateur
subject to regulations in some countries. If you are in doubt,
contact your Yaesu dealer.
Turn the transceiver off, then press and hold both A/UP
B/DOWN together while turning the radio on again.
Tuning now extends from 110 to 180 MHz, with AM detector
circuitry automatically activating below 136 MHz to enable
reception of the aeronautical band. To return the FT-11R to
default (amateur band only) reception, repeat the power-on
Extending Battery Life
How long NiCd batteries last between charges or replacement
depends largely on your operating habits, and how you care
battery pack. The FT-11R offers several ways to conserve battery
power, and extend the life of each charge. Knowing how to
can be critical in emergencies.
APO (Automatic Power-Off)
Obviously, turning the set off when not in use saves battery
life, and can also prevent damage that might result to the
batteries if they are overdischarged. The FT-11R provides
system to turn the transceiver off after 10, 20 or 30 minutes
key inactivity. From the factory, APO is disabled, but you
easily activate it by pressing F/M/D then 5 (APO) ("APO.OFF")
then rotating the DIAL (or pressing A/UP or B/DOWN) to choose
time-out time (in minutes). Press the PTT to return the display
normal. When APO is activated, a timer icon appears at the
right corner of the display, and a timer starts every time
press a key. If you don't press any keys for the selected
period, and as long as you are not scanning or priority monitoring,
the timer icon will begin blinking, and if you have the key
activated (page 16), it will play an alert melody (see the
below) about a minute before the transceiver turns itself
you don't press a key in that minute, the transceiver turns
After that, you must switch the transceiver back on for use.
need to monitor for a long period, or if using an external
supply, you can deactivate the APO feature by pressing the
keys as before, so the display shows "APO.OFF".
APO Alert Melody
You can choose either the factory-initialized Alert-Ringer
Melody or one of your own composition to be played back during
APO shut-down sequence. The user-programmed melody can be
up to 15
notes long, and is stored in DTMF Auto-dialer memory 0 using
same procedure as described for DTMF Auto-dial Memories on
To select the default Alert-Ringer Melody, press F/M/D then
(SET) and then use the DIAL to select "10" in the
("MEL.INT" displayed). Use the A/UP or B/DOWN keys
between user- and initialized-melodyd ("MEL.USR")
press the PTT to return the display to normal.
Receiver ABS "Automatic Battery Saver"
Monitoring with squelch closed requires about one third
power of listening to unsquelched noise, so you will naturally
to keep the squelch closed as much as possible. The FT-11R
automated battery saver system originated by Yaesu, reducing
current drain during squelched monitoring. The Battery Saver
the receiver to sleep three seconds after the squelch closes,
then wakes it up for 200 milliseconds periodically to check
incoming signals. When the Battery Saver is enabled, a small
appears near the bottom right corner of the display, which
when the saver is functioning.
You can select from eight sleep durations, from 200 ms to
second, or you can select the ABS function, which senses channel
activity and dynamically selects a monitor/sleep ratio according
recent operating history.
The ABS mode is enabled as supplied from the factory. You
check or change the sleep duration or disable the Power Saver
pressing F/M/D then 4 (SAVE) and then rotating the DIAL to
the current (displayed) saver ratio. Possible selections and
corresponding keys are shown in the table below.
Battery Saver Settings
[table of what is shown in the Display (a ratio); RX "On"-time;
SA.1:1; 200 ms; 200 ms
SA.1:2; 200 ms; 400 ms
SA.1:3; 200 ms; 600 ms
SA.1:5; 200 ms; 1000 ms
SA.OFF; always on; [no sleep time]
SA.ABS; 200; variable* (see explanation in text)
One of the best operating habits is to always use the lowest
transmitter power necessary to maintain reliable communications.
described on the box on page 20, the FT-11R offers a choice
levels of power output: one HIGH and three low--LOW 1, LOW
LOW 3. On top of this, the FT-11R can reduce transmitter current
drain further with its smart TX Save feature. This feature
conserves battery life by reducing power output when the
microprocessor determines it is not required, that is:
- when the transmitter is keyed but you are not speaking,
- when a full-scale signal is sensed on the receive frequency
as a repeater output).
TX Save is not enabled from the factory but can be turned
- Press F/M/D then 8 (TX SAVE) to display "TXS.OFF".
- Use the DIAL or A/B keys to turn the save feature on ("TXS.ON"
- Press the PTT to return the display to normal.
Notice that the "SAVE" indicator is displayed
transmission when the TX Save function is on (with the ABS
function, it blinks during receive and turns off during TX).
Regardless of whether you use the TX Save feature, notice
the current drain of the LOW 1 setting is much less than the
setting, so it is good to develop the habit of always using
lowest setting possible, switching to high power only when
power fails to get through. If you live in a location where
power is almost always needed, consider using a higher gain
instead of opting for high power (the effect on transmissions
the same). Make sure any external antenna is designed for
impedance at the operating frequency.
The keypad beeper draws several milliamperes, so you may
to disable it if you need to conserve power while using the
lot. Do this by pressing F/M/D then 2 (TSET), a "b"
appears in the
memory box when the beeper enabled. Press F/M/D again to change
toggle the beeper, and then 2 (TSET) again to return to normal
Obviously, if the channel is quiet, the squelch does not
often, and power drain is minimized (particularly if the Power
Saver is active). Unfortunately, you probably cannot always
confine your activity to quiet frequencies. The DTMF selective
calling (code squelch, and DTMF paging) features in the FT-11R
be used to essentially make a quiet channel out of an otherwise
busy one. When either of these features is active, the squelch
opens (and the BUSY/TX LED lights) when a signal is prefixed
3-digit DTMF code that matches one you have stored in the
Memories (see page 39). This can extend battery life considerably.
In cases where you may need to monitor many stations, or some
that are not equipped with DTMF encoders but do have CTCSS,
optional FTS-26 Tone Squelch Unit can also be
used to make a quiet channel on a crowded frequency.
Earphones & Speaker/Mics
Using the lowest possible volume setting minimizes current
drain while receiving. You can hold the transceiver up to
and reduce the volume to minimum, but it may be more convenient
use an earphone, speaker/mic or the MH-19A2B Earpiece/Mic,
the transceiver clipped to your belt, particularly in noisy
As the battery discharges, the voltage drop (when
transmitting) increases. When battery voltage drops to around
volts, the low battery icon begins flashing, indicating the
batteries should be replaced or recharged. As battery voltage
further, the transceiver shuts off.
If using rechargeable batteries, switch the transceiver
and recharge or replace the battery as soon as the indicator
to blink. Try to avoid recharging Ni-Cd batteries often with
use between charges, as that can degrade the charge capacity
useful life of the cells. Since it is hard to know exactly
the charge will run out, you may want to carry an extra,
fully-charged pack with you to avoid having operation interrupted.
In Case of Problems
Don't worry if you find FT-11R operation somewhat complicated
at first. There are many more features than the display can
indicate at one time, and most keys have more functions than
indicated by their labels. So it is not difficult to get lost,
least until you have had the chance to learn the various functions
of the display and keys. This section provides some tips to
you navigate the various display and key modes if you get
If the display shows nothing at all, check the power switch,
and if necessary, remove the battery pack and check that the
contacts are clean. If all appears to be physically in order,
recharge or replace the batteries.
The state of the display tells a lot (but not all) about
current state of operation. The display can take on a great
different states, but most of them are temporary and will
after a few seconds, returning to the operating frequency.
Exceptions are the displays for the "setting" mode,
Memories and CTCSS tone frequency.
Fortunately, the display includes many symbols and function
indicators to let you know what is going on as long as power
applied, so it is well worthwhile to study the display diagram
page 8 carefully. For example, if the frequency display changes
unexpectedly when you transmit (or if "ERR" appears),
check for a
small "+" or "-" near the top center of
the display, indicating
that the operating frequency, with the selected repeater shift,
resulting in an out-of-band TX frequency.
Attempting an illegal command usually does nothing, and
beep sounds. However, if the keys are locked, nothing happens
you press a key for even legal commands. Check for "KL"
"DL" (DIAL lock) or "PL" (PTT lock) in
the display. If you see one
of these, slide the LOCK switch downward.
If you still cannot enter data, check to see if the BUSY/TX
LED is red, indicating the transmitter is activated. Releasing
PTT switch should return the set to receive. If not, switch
transceiver off, and then back on.
If a "1" does not appear in the 100's-of-MHz digit
if the transceiver behaves strangely when you try to tune,
for either "PAGE", "T.PAGE" or "CODE"
beneath the frequency
display, indicating that DTMF paging, trigger paging or code
squelch is active with the code memory display option. If
C (PAGE/CODE), several times if necessary, to clear these
and return the frequency display to normal.
To avoid confusion resulting from inadvertent button presses,
set the keypad lock on as described on page 32 if you leave
transceiver unattended while it is on. Remember to set the
back off when you wish to enter data.
Resetting the CPU
As a last resort, if you are unable to gain control of the
transceiver, the FT-11R can be reset from the keypad to clear
settings, memories, channel step and repeater shifts to their
factory defaults. Just press and hold the * (MR/SKIP), # (VFO/PRI),
and 2 (TSET) together while turning the transceiver on.
To check all LCD display indicators and segments in a "Las
Vegas" style test, turn the radio off, then hold the
while powering on again. All display indicators and segments
blink off and on simultaneously. Turn the power off then on
to return operation to as before.
To use the FT-11R for packet, the power saver should be
disabled, since the sleep periods used in power saving can
packets to be missed. To disable the power saver, press F/M/D
4 (SAVE) and select "SA.OFF".
Connect the EAR and MiC jacks to your TNC as shown below.
jack impedance is 2 kOHm, and maximum input is 300 mVrms.
impedance is 8 ohms, and maximum output is 2 Vrms (w/9.6-V
[diagram of connection to TNC]
FTS-26 Tone Squelch Unit Installation
The FTS-26 is a sub-audible CTCSS Tone Squelch unit, used
the CTCSS decode ("T SQL") and CTCSS Bell features
beginning on page 33. Programming and decoding of 39 standard
tones is possible via the FT-11R front keypad.
- Turn the transceiver off. Remove the soft case, if used,
battery pack as described on page 11.
- Next remove the six screws from the rear half of the transceiver
(four affixing the die-cast cover and two from the bottom
battery well) as shown below.
- Gently unfold both body halves and lay them flat. Pay careful
attention not to stretch or crease to the interconnecting
ribbon cable. Locate small white connector J3002 at the center
the AF Unit, and the white outline on the PCB showing the
for the FTS-26.
- Using two fingertips, open the connector by gently pulling
both tray tabs and sliding the tray out.
- Position the FTS-26 so that the components on the tone
unit are facing down, then insert the contact lead of the
into the tray guide. Close and lock the connector by evenly
applying pressure on both tray tabs.
- Place the supplied strip of adhesive insulation tape on
exposed surface of the FTS-26, then carefully align the body
and reassemble the transceiver case. Install the battery pack,
completes the installation procedure.
Page 59: photographs of installation procedure
[rest of page is blank]
THIS DEVICE COMPLIES WITH PART 15 OF THE FCC RULES.
OPERATION IS SUBJECT TO THE CONDITION THAT THIS DEVICE DOES
CAUSE HARMFUL INTERFERENCE.
YAESU MUSEN CO., LTD.
CP.O. BOX 1500, TOKYO, JAPAN
17210 Edwards Rd., Cerritos, California 90701, U.S.A.
YAESU EUROPE B.V.
Snipweg 3. 1118AA Schiphol, The Netherlands
Copyright C 1993
Yaesu Musen Co., Ltd.
All rights reserved.
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